Introduction to Wireless Sensor Networks

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Beschreibung

Explores real-world wireless sensor network development, deployment, and applications

  • Presents state-of-the-art protocols and algorithms
  • Includes end-of-chapter summaries, exercises, and references
  • For students, there are hardware overviews, reading links, programming examples, and tests available at [website]
  • For Instructors, there are PowerPoint slides and solutions available at [website]


Anna Förster is a Professor and Head of the Sustainable Communication Networks Group at the University of Bremen, Germany. She earned her MSc in Computer Science and Aerospace Engineering from the Free University of Berlin and her PhD from the University of Lugano, Switzerland. Her main research interests lie in the area of sustainable communication networks and their applications to sustainability. Her passion is teaching these topics, both to students and the general public.

Autorentext

Anna Förster is a Professor and Head of the Sustainable Communication Networks Group at the University of Bremen, Germany. She earned her MSc in Computer Science and Aerospace Engineering from the Free University of Berlin and her PhD from the University of Lugano, Switzerland. Her main research interests lie in the area of sustainable communication networks and their applications to sustainability. Her passion is teaching these topics, both to students and the general public.

Klappentext

Introduction to Wireless Sensor Networks begins with an introduction to wireless sensor networks and their fundamental concepts. Hardware components, operating systems, protocols, and algorithms that make up the anatomy of a sensor node are described in chapter two. Properties of wireless communications, medium access protocols, wireless links, and link estimation protocols are described in chapter three and chapter four. Routing basics and metrics, clustering techniques, time synchronization and localization protocols, as well as sensing techniques are introduced in chapter five through nine. The concluding chapter summarizes the learnt methods and shows how to use them to deploy real-world sensor networks in a structured way.

  • Presents state-of-the-art protocols and algorithms
  • Includes end-of-chapter summaries, exercises, and references
  • For students, there are hardware overviews, reading links, programming examples, and tests available at http://comnets.uni-bremen.de/wsn-book/

This book is intended for graduate and undergraduate students interested in learning about wireless sensor networks. Only minimal experience with programming and an understanding of basic computer science concepts is necessary to understand the material included in the book.

Inhalt

How to Use This Book xiii

1 What are Wireless Sensor Networks? 1

1.1 Wireless Sensor Networks 1

1.2 Sample Applications Around the World 3

1.3 Types of Wireless Sensor Networks 7

Summary 10

Further Reading 10

2 Anatomy of a Sensor Node 11

2.1 Hardware Components 11

2.2 Power Consumption 13

2.3 Operating Systems and Concepts 15

2.3.1 Memory Management 17

2.3.2 Interrupts 23

2.3.3 Tasks Threads and Events 24

2.4 Simulators 26

2.5 Communication Stack 28

2.5.1 Sensor Network Communication Stack 28

2.5.2 Protocols and Algorithms 30

Anatomy of a Sensor Node: Summary 30

Further Reading 30

3 Radio Communications 33

3.1 Radio Waves and Modulation/Demodulation 33

3.2 Properties of Wireless Communications 36

3.2.1 Interference and Noise 37

3.2.2 Hidden Terminal Problem 38

3.2.3 Exposed Terminal Problem 39

3.3 Medium Access Protocols 39

3.3.1 Design Criteria for Medium Access Protocols 41

3.3.2 Time Division Multiple Access 42

3.3.3 Carrier Sense Multiple Access 45

3.3.4 Sensor MAC 48

3.3.5 Berkeley MAC 50

3.3.6 Optimizations of B-MAC 51

3.3.7 Other Protocols and Trends 51

Radio Communications: Summary 53

Questions and Exercises 53

Further Reading 54

4 Link Management 57

4.1 Wireless Links Introduction 57

4.2 Properties of Wireless Links 59

4.2.1 Links and Geographic Distance 59

4.2.2 Asymmetric Links 60

4.2.3 Link Stability and Burstiness 61

4.3 Error Control 62

4.3.1 Backward Error Control 62

4.3.2 Forward Error Control 63

4.4 Naming and Addressing 64

4.4.1 Naming 64

4.4.2 Addressing 65

4.4.3 Assignment of Addresses and Names 65

4.4.4 Using Names and Addresses 66

4.5 Link Estimation Protocols 66

4.5.1 Design Criteria 66

4.5.2 Link Quality Based 67

4.5.3 Delivery Rate Based 68

4.5.4 Passive and Active Estimators 69

4.5.5 Collection Tree Protocol 69

4.6 Topology Control 71

4.6.1 Centralized Topology Control 71

4.6.2 Distributed Topology Control 72

Link Management: Summary 73

Questions and Exercises 73

Further Reading 74

5 Multi-Hop Communications 77

5.1 Routing Basics 77

5.2 Routing Metrics 80

5.2.1 Location and Geographic Vicinity 80

5.2.2 Hops 81

5.2.3 Number of Retransmissions 82

5.2.4 Delivery Delay 83

5.3 Routing Protocols 84

5.3.1 Full-Network Broadcast 85

5.3.2 Location-Based Routing 87

5.3.3 Directed Diffusion 90

5.3.4 Collection Tree Protocol 92

5.3.5 Zigbee 94

Multi-Hop Communications: Summary 95

Questions and Exercises 96

Further Reading 96

6 Data Aggregation and Clustering 99

6.1 Clustering Techniques 99

6.1.1 Random Clustering 101

6.1.2 Nearest Sink 102

6.1.3 Geographic Clustering 103

6.1.4 Clustering Summary 104

6.2 In-Network Processing and Data Aggregation 104

6.2.1 Compression 104

6.2.2 Statistical Techniques 107

6.3 Compressive Sampling 109

Data Aggregation and Clustering: Summary 110

Questions and Exercises 111

Further Reading 111

7 Time Synchronization 113

7.1 Clocks and Delay Sources 113

7.2 Requirements and Challenges 114

7.3 Time Synchronization Protocols 117

7.3.1 Lightweight Tree Synchronization 117

7.3.2 Reference Broadcast Synchronization 118&...

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Produktinformationen

Titel
Introduction to Wireless Sensor Networks
Autor
EAN
9781119079958
ISBN
978-1-119-07995-8
Format
E-Book (epub)
Herausgeber
Wiley-IEEE Press
Genre
Elektronik, Elektrotechnik, Nachrichtentechnik
Veröffentlichung
12.07.2016
Digitaler Kopierschutz
Adobe-DRM
Dateigrösse
3.38 MB
Anzahl Seiten
186
Jahr
2016
Untertitel
Englisch
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