Biogeography

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Beschreibung

Through eight successful editions, and over nearly 40 years, Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach has provided a thorough and comprehensive exploration of the varied scientific disciplines and research that are essential to understanding the subject. The text has been praised for its solid background in historical biogeography and basic biology, that is enhanced and illuminated by discussions of current research. This new edition incorporates the exciting changes of the recent years, and presents a thoughtful exploration of the research and controversies that have transformed our understanding of the biogeography of the world. It also clearly identifies the three quite different arenas of biogeographical research: continental biogeography, island biogeography and marine biogeography. It is the only current textbook with full coverage of marine biogeography. It reveals how the patterns of life that we see today have been created by the two great Engines of the Planet - the Geological Engine, plate tectonics, which alters the conditions of life on the planet, and the Biological Engine, evolution, which responds to these changes by creating new forms and patterns of life.



Autorentext

Barry Cox formerly King's College, London, UK

Peter D. Moore is Emeritus Reader in Ecology at King's College London. He has written extensively on ecology and global environmental change and was, for 35 years, Ecology Correspondent for the journal Nature

Richard Ladle is Titular Professor of Conservation Biogeography at the Federal University of Alagoas on the northeast coast of Brazil. He is also a Senior research associate at the School of Geography in Oxford University, as well as the director of Tamandua Environmental Consultants



Klappentext

This book reveals how the patterns of life that we see today have been created by the two great 'engines of the planet': the geological engine plate tectonics that alters the conditions of life on the planet, and the biological engine evolution that responds to these changes by creating new forms and patterns of life. It remains the only textbook to cover all three arenas of biogeographical research: continental biogeography, island biogeography and marine biogeography.

Through eight successful editions, and more than 40 years, Biogeography: An Ecological and EvolutionaryApproach has provided a thorough and comprehensive exploration of the varied scientific disciplines and research that are essential to understanding the subject. The text has been praised for its solid background in historical biogeography and basic biology, which is enhanced and illuminated by discussions of current research.

Building on these foundations, the ninth edition incorporates recent advances such as the rise of molecular methods of investigation and presents a thoughtful exploration of the research and controversies that have transformed our understanding of the biogeography of the world. There is a new chapter on conservation biogeography by Richard Ladle that discusses new techniques for gathering and integrating data on the distribution of species, as well as substantial updates to existing chapters.

PRAISE FOR PREVIOUS EDITIONS

"May I congratulate [the authors] in once again making a subject that requires of the student a certain breadth of experience and a willingness to embrace many disciplines, attractive, appealing and accessible ... this publication will continue to be the authoritative and highly acclaimed text for students of biogeography."
--Dr Malcolm Greenwood, Loughborough University, UK

"This is a great compendium of the science of biogeography, broad but full of details with new references and good coverage of recent breakthroughs. Its well-balanced coverage of most major biomes, including marine systems, really stands out."
--Pofessor George Robinson, SUNY at Albany, US

"The latest edition of Biogeography is an excellent overview of the history of biogeography and related sciences and how this has culminated in the latest advances in biogeography."
--Blumea, June 2005

"An excellent introductory text on biogeography clearly and neatly written, very well structured and effectively illustrated ... yet again, the authors have very successfully revitalized their classic text and I am absolutely certain that it will remain a bestseller for many more years to come."
--Martin Kent (University of Plymouth) in Progress in Physical Geography



Inhalt

Preface xi

Acknowledgements xiii

1 The History of Biogeography 1

Lessons from the Past 1

Ecological versus Historical Biogeography, and Plants versus Animals 3

Biogeography and Creation 4

The Distribution of Life Today 5

Evolution a Flawed and Dangerous Idea! 7

Enter Darwin and Wallace 8

World Maps: Biogeographical Regions of Plants and Animals 10

Getting around the World 12

The Origins of Modern Historical Biogeography 16

The Development of Ecological Biogeography 19

Living Together 20

Marine Biogeography 23

Island Biogeography 24

Biogeography Today 26

SECTION I: THE CHALLENGE OF EXISTING 31

2 Patterns of Distribution: Finding a Home 33

Limits of Distribution 37 The Niche 38

Overcoming the Barriers 39

Climatic Limits: The Palms 41

A Successful Family: The Daisies (Asteraceae) 42

Patterns among Plovers 46

Magnolias: Evolutionary Relicts 49

The Strange Case of the Testate Amoeba 50

Climatic Relicts 52

Topographical Limits and Endemism 59

Physical Limits 60

Species Interaction: A Case of the Blues 66

Competition 69

Reducing Competition 71

Predators and Prey, Parasites and Hosts 73

Migration 76

Invasion 79

3 Communities and Ecosystems: Living Together 89

The Community 89

The Ecosystem 92

Ecosystems and Species Diversity 95

Biotic Assemblages on a Global Scale 98

Mountain Biomes 103

Global Patterns of Climate 106

Climate Diagrams 109

Modelling Biomes and Climate 112

4 Patterns of Biodiversity 117

How Many Species are There? 118

Latitudinal Gradients of Diversity 123

Is Evolution Faster in the Tropics? 131

The Legacy of Glaciation 132

Latitude and Species Ranges 133

Diversity and Altitude 134

Biodiversity Hotspots 136

Diversity in Space and Time 139

Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis 141

Dynamic Biodiversity and Neutral Theory 142

SECTION II: THE ENGINES OF THE PLANET 147

5 Plate Tectonics 149

The Evidence for Plate Tectonics 149

Changing Patterns of Continents 154

How Plate Tectonics affects the Living World, Part I: Events on Land 154

How Plate Tectonics affects the Living World, Part II: Events in the Oceans 156

Islands and Plate Tectonics 162 Terranes 164

6 Evolution, the Source of Novelty 169

The Mechanism of Evolution: The Genetic System 172

From Populations to Species 173

Sympatry versus Allopatry 176

Defining the Species 179

A Case Study: Darwin's Finches 180

Controversies and Evolution 183

Charting the Course of Evolution 188

SECTION III: ISLAND BIOGEOGRAPHY 193

7 Life, Death and Evolution on Islands 195

Types of Island 196

Getting There: The Challenges of Arriving 196

Dying There: Problems of Survival 197

Adapting and Evolving 199

The Hawaiian Islands 201

Integrating the Data: The Theory of Island Biogeography 208

Modifying the Theory 212

The General Dynamic Model for Oceanic Island Biogeography 214

Nestedness 216

Living Together: Incidence and Assembly Rules 216

Building an Ecosystem: The History of Rakata 218

SECTION IV: PATTERNS OF LIFE 229

8 From Evolution to Patterns of Life 231

Dispersal, Vicariance and Endemism 231

Methods of Analysis 232

EventBased Biogeography 236

Reticulate Patterns 239

The Molecular Approach to...

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Produktinformationen

Titel
Biogeography
Untertitel
An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach
Autor
EAN
9781118968598
ISBN
978-1-118-96859-8
Format
E-Book (pdf)
Hersteller
Wiley-Blackwell
Herausgeber
Wiley-Blackwell
Genre
Biologie
Veröffentlichung
15.03.2016
Digitaler Kopierschutz
Adobe-DRM
Dateigrösse
48.19 MB
Anzahl Seiten
496
Jahr
2016
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