The aim of the inaugural meeting of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics was to address, in a global context, the current understanding of and challenges in high-energy emissions from isolated and non-isolated neutron stars, and to confront the theoretical picture with observations of both the Fermi satellite and the currently operating ground-based Cherenkov telescopes. Participants have also discussed the prospects for possible observations with planned instruments across the multi-wavelength spectrum (e.g. SKA, LOFAR, E-VLT, IXO, CTA) and how they will impact our theoretical understanding of these systems. In keeping with the goals of the Forum, this book not only represents the proceedings of the meeting, but also a reflection on the state-of-the-art in the topic.
Radio Pulsar Phenomenology.- Radio pulsar populations.- Pulsar Results with the Fermi Large Area Telescope.- Fermi view of the EGRET pulsars.- Garden-variety Gamma-ray Pulsars J0248+6021& J2240+5832.- Extension studies of galactic sources with Fermi.- Advances in understanding double features in radio pulsar profiles.- Emission from the Polar Cap and Slot Gap.- Gamma-ray emission and pair creation of outer gap.- What Pulsar High-Energy Emission Model Survives?.- Current Models of Pulsar Magnetospheres.- Modeling of y-ray Pulsar Light Curves from Force-Free Magnetosphere.- A Tale of Two Current Sheets.- The high-energy emission from the pulsar striped wind.- Gamma-rays from millisecond pulsars in Globular Clusters.- Modelling the Growing Population of y-ray Millisecond Pulsars.- A Joint Radio Gamma-ray Variability Study of the Crab Pulsar.- AGILE observations of PSR B1509-58.- Understanding the fundamental parameters of millisecond pulsars.- Pulsars as gravitational wave detectors.- Magnetar outbursts: an observational review.- Wide-band X-ray Studies of Magentars with Suzaku.- Bursts and Flares from Highly Magnetic Pulsars.- Activated Magnetospheres of Magnetars.- Suzaku Detection of Hard X-ray Emission in SGR 0501+4516 Short Burst Spectrum.- The magnetar emission in the IR band: the role of magnetospheric currents.- Double features in mean pulsar profiles and the nature of their radio emission.- Can the magnetic field of long-period X-ray pulsars be supercritical ?.- X-ray emission from isolated neutron stars.- X-ray thermal radiation from hot polar cap in pulsars.- Radio polarization of RRAT J1819-1458.- Multiwavelength Observations of Pulsar Wind Nebulae.- Multi-wavelength Observations of Composite Supernova Remnants.- Fermi-LAT Results on Pulsar Wind Nebulae after 1.5 year of Observations.- Pulsar Wind Nebulae: The GeV to TeV Connection.- Extended hard X-ray emission from Vela X.- Cherenkov Telescopes Results on Pulsar Wind Nebulae and Pulsars.- Lepton Acceleration in Pulsar Wind Nebulae.- MHD models of Pulsar Wind Nebulae.- TeV Gamma Ray Survey on the Direction of Fermi-LAT Pulsars with the Tibet Air Shower Array.- Fermi results on y-ray binaries.- Cherenkov Telescope results on gamma-ray binaries.- y-ray binaries as non-accreting pulsar systems.- Relativistic motion and beamed radiation in gamma-ray binaries.- A leptonic One-Zone model of the X-Ray/VHE correlated emission in LS I +61 303.- New Optical Results on y-ray Binaries.- The International X-ray Observatory and other X-ray missions, expectations for pulsar physics.- X-ray Polarimeters.- New results on high energy cosmic ray electrons observed with Fermi LAT.- Positrons from pulsar winds.