Synthesis and Applications of Inorganic Nanostructures

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Authored by a leading figure in the field, this book systematically describes all the fundamental aspects and applications of inorganic nanostructures from zero to three dimensions. It not only discusses various synthesis technologies, but also covers the physical properties of inorganic nanostructures, such as optical, electric and magnetic properties, and practical applications such as energy storage (including Li-ion and Ni-MH batteries and supercapacitors), superhydrophobic and bio-applications, etc. The focus throughout is on the synthesis-structure-application relationships, including the growth mechanisms for the nanostrucutres. Concise yet comprehensive, this is indispensable reading for chemists and materials scientists.

Huaqiang Cao obtained his Ph. D degree from Nanjing University, China, in 2001, and now is full Professor at Tsinghua University, China. His research interests are in material chemistry, focusing on the design and synthesis of inorganic nanomaterials with different dimensions, and understanding the synthesis-structure-application relationships. In 2015 he was elected as fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC) and fellow of the Institute of Materials, Minerals, and Mining (FIMMM).


Preface xvii

Acknowledgments xix

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Wave-Particle Duality 2

1.2 Uncertainty Principle 3

1.3 Schrödinger Equation 3

1.4 Particle in a Potential Box 4

1.5 Fermi-Dirac Distribution and Fermi Energy 5

1.6 Density of States 7

1.7 Quantum Confinement 8

1.8 Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approaches to Construct Nanostructures 10

1.9 Nanostructured Materials Based on Dimension 11

1.10 Zero-Dimensional Nanostructures 11

1.11 One-Dimensional Nanostructures 13

1.12 Two-Dimensional Nanostructures 14

1.13 Three-Dimensional Nanostructures: Superstructures and Hybrid

Structures 15

References 16

2 Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications of Zero-Dimensional (0D) Nanostructures 21

2.1 General Remarks 21

2.2 Synthesis, Characterization, and Bioapplication of Metal Ag Nanoparticles 21

2.2.1 Synthesis of GSH-Coated Ag NPs 22 Ag NPs and BSA Binding 22 SDS-PAGE of Ag NPs and BSA Binding 22 Cell Culture and Treatment 23 MTT (Thiazolyl Blue) Assay 23 Fluorescence Observation of K562 Cells Stained by Hoechst 33258 23 Flow Cytometer Measurement 23

2.2.2 Characterization 24

2.2.3 Structure 24

2.2.4 Binding of Ag NPs and BSA 25

2.2.5 Anticancer Activities of Ag NPs 29

2.3 Synthesis, Characterization, and Optical Properties of Oxide Nanoparticles 33

2.3.1 SnO2 Nanoparticles 33 Synthesis 35 Characterization 35 Photocatalytic Activity Test 35 Structure 35

2.3.2 ZrO2 Nanoparticles 45 Synthesis 45 Characterization 45 Photocatalytic Activity Test 46 Structure 46 Optical Properties of ZrO2 Nanoparticles 49 Photocatalytic Properties 51

2.3.3 In2O3 Hollow Nanocrystals 52 Synthesis 52 Characterization 53 Photocatalytic Activity Test 53 Structure 53 Growth Mechanism of the rh-In2O3 Hollow Nanocrystals 58 Photocatalytic Activity of the rh-In2O3 Hollow Nanocrystals 61

2.3.4 Fe2O3 Nanoparticles 68 Synthesis 69 Characterization 69 Measurement of Magnetic Properties 69 Structure 71 Magnetic Properties 73

2.4 Synthesis, Characterization, and Optical Properties of Sulfide Nanoparticles 74

2.4.1 CdS Nanoparticles 74 Synthesis 76 Characterization 76 Structure 76 Growth Mechanism 80 Photoluminescence Properties 82

2.4.2 ZnS Nanoparticles and Microspheres 83


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Synthesis and Applications of Inorganic Nanostructures
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Anorganische Chemie
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