Efficient Predictive Algorithms for Image Compression

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Beschreibung

This book discusses efficient prediction techniques for the current state-of-the-art High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard, focusing on the compression of a wide range of video signals, such as 3D video, Light Fields and natural images. The authors begin with a review of the state-of-the-art predictive coding methods and compression technologies for both 2D and 3D multimedia contents, which provides a good starting point for new researchers in the field of image and video compression. New prediction techniques that go beyond the standardized compression technologies are then presented and discussed. In the context of 3D video, the authors describe a new predictive algorithm for the compression of depth maps, which combines intra-directional prediction, with flexible block partitioning and linear residue fitting. New approaches are described for the compression of Light Field and still images, which enforce sparsity constraints on linear models. The Locally Linear Embedding-based prediction method is investigated for compression of Light Field images based on the HEVC technology. A new linear prediction method using sparse constraints is also described, enabling improved coding performance of the HEVC standard, particularly for images with complex textures based on repeated structures. Finally, the authors present a new, generalized intra-prediction framework for the HEVC standard, which unifies the directional prediction methods used in the current video compression standards, with linear prediction methods using sparse constraints. Experimental results for the compression of natural images are provided, demonstrating the advantage of the unified prediction framework over the traditional directional prediction modes used in HEVC standard.



Luís Filipe Rosário Lucas was born in Portugal in 1988. He received the Engineering and M.Sc. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão of Instituto Politécnico de Leiria, Portugal, in 2009 and 2011, respectively, and the Ph.D. degree from the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2016, in collaboration with the Instituto de Telecomunicações, Portugal. Currently, he is a researcher at the Instituto de Telecomunicações, in Leiria, Portugal. His research interests include image and video compression, digital signal processing and embedded systems.

Eduardo Antônio Barros da Silva was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1963. He got his B.Sc in Engineering from Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME) in 1984, his M.Sc in Electrical Engineer from COPPE/UFRJ in 1990 and his Ph.D. in Electronics Systems Engineering from Essex University, England in 1995. Since 1989 he works at the Electronics and Computer Science Departament from Escola Politécnica (former Escola de Engenharia), from Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). He was coordinator of the specialization course in Telecommunication Systems from Escola Politécnica (TELECOM) from 2003 to 2008. He also works since 1996 at the Programa de Engenharia Elétrica from COPPE/UFRJ, where he was Head of Department in 2002. He gives consulting and training in Image and Video Compression for TV operators in Brazil. In 1994 he won the 'British Telecom Postgraduate Publication Prize' for his IEEE article on Aliasing in Subband Coding. He has been appointed a Distinguished Lecturer of the IEEE CAS Society for 2003 and 2004. His research interesses are in the areas of Digital Signal and Image Processing, Signal Coding, Digital Television, Wavelet Transforms, Mathematical Morphology and Telecommunications Applications. He is a member of IEEE, of the Brazilian Telecommunication Society (SBrT) and the Brazilian Television Engineering Society (SET).
 
Sérgio Manuel Maciel de Faria was born in Portugal in 1965. He received the Engineering degree in Electrical Engineering from Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal, in 1988, the M.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering from Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal, in 1992, and the Ph.D. degree in Electronics and Telecommunications from the University of Essex, England, in 1996. In 2014 received the title of 'Agregado' by Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon. He is Professor with the Department of Electrical Engineering, in Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão of Instituto Politécnico de Leiria, Portugal, since 1990. He is an Auditor with A3ES organization for Electrical and Electronic Engineering courses in Portugal. He is a Senior Researcher with Instituto de Telecomunicações. His research interests include 2D/3D image and video processing and coding, motion representation, and medical imaging. He is an Area Editor of Signal Processing: Image Communication. He has been a Scientific and Program Committee Member of many international conferences. He is a reviewer for several international scientific journals and conferences (IEEE, IET and EURASIP). He is a Senior Member of the IEEE. 

Nuno Miguel Morais Rodrigues graduated in electrical engineering in 1997, received the M.Sc. degree from the Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal, in 2000, and the Ph.D. degree from the Universidade de Coimbra, in 2009, in collaboration with the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Since 1997, he has been with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão, Instituto Politécnico de Leiria, Leiria, Portugal. Since 1998, he has been with the Instituto de Telecomunicações, Portugal, where he is currently a Senior Researcher. He has coordinated and is currently involved as a researcher in various national and international funded projects. His current research interests include digital signal and image processing, namely, image and video compression, point cloud and light field image and video compression, medical image compression and many-core programming.

Carla Pagliari is Senior Researcher and Professor at the Departamento de Engenharia Elétrica (SE/3), of the Instituto Militar de Engenharia, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. She received the Ph.D. degree in electronic systems engineering from the University of Essex, Colchester, U.K., in 2000. She was with TV Globo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1983 to 1985. From 1986 to 1992, she was a Researcher with the Brazilian Army Research and Development Institute, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Since 1993, she has been with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Military Institute of Engineering, Rio de Janeiro. She has experience in the areas of television engineering and image processing, acting on the following topics: image/video coding, stereo/multi-view video coding, stereo systems, image/video synthesis, video streaming, and digital TV. She participated in the definition of the Brazilian Digital Television System and is a member of the Educational Board of the Brazilian Society of Television Engineering. She has projects in image processing for defense applications, image/video fusion of the infrared and visible-light signals, video over IP for applications in public safety, and digital TV. She acts as an Associate Editor of the Multidimensional Systems and Signal Processing (Springer) journal.


Autorentext
Luís Filipe Rosário Lucas was born in Portugal in 1988. He received the Engineering and M.Sc. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão of Instituto Politécnico de Leiria, Portugal, in 2009 and 2011, respectively, and the Ph.D. degree from the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2016, in collaboration with the Instituto de Telecomunicações, Portugal. Currently, he is a researcher at the Instituto de Telecomunicações, in Leiria, Portugal. His research interests include image and video compression, digital signal processing and embedded systems.

Eduardo Antônio Barros da Silva was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1963. He got his B.Sc in Engineering from Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME) in 1984, his M.Sc in Electrical Engineer from COPPE/UFRJ in 1990 and his Ph.D. in Electronics Systems Engineering from Essex University, England in 1995. Since 1989 he works at the Electronics and Computer Science Departament from Escola Politécnica (former Escola de Engenharia), from Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). He was coordinator of the specialization course in Telecommunication Systems from Escola Politécnica (TELECOM) from 2003 to 2008. He also works since 1996 at the Programa de Engenharia Elétrica from COPPE/UFRJ, where he was Head of Department in 2002. He gives consulting and training in Image and Video Compression for TV operators in Brazil. In 1994 he won the "British Telecom Postgraduate Publication Prize" for his IEEE article on Aliasing in Subband Coding. He has been appointed a Distinguished Lecturer of the IEEE CAS Society for 2003 and 2004. His research interesses are in the areas of Digital Signal and Image Processing, Signal Coding, Digital Television, Wavelet Transforms, Mathematical Morphology and Telecommunications Applications. He is a member of IEEE, of the Brazilian Telecommunication Society (SBrT) and the Brazilian Television Engineering Society (SET).
 
Sérgio Manuel Maciel de Faria was born in Portugal in 1965. He received the Engineering degree in Electrical Engineering from Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal, in 1988, the M.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering from Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal, in 1992, and the Ph.D. degree in Electronics and Telecommunications from the University of Essex, England, in 1996. In 2014 received the title of Agregado by Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon. He is Professor with the Department of Electrical Engineering, in Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão of Instituto Politécnico de Leiria, Portugal, since 1990. He is an Auditor with A3ES organization for Electrical and Electronic Engineering courses in Portugal. He is a Senior Researcher with Instituto de Telecomunicações. His research interests include 2D/3D image and video processing and coding, motion representation, and medical imaging. He is an Area Editor of Signal Processing: Image Communication. He has been a Scientific and Program Committee Member of many international conferences. He is a reviewer for several international scientific journals and conferences (IEEE, IET and EURASIP). He is a Senior Member of the IEEE. 

Nuno Miguel Morais Rodrigues graduated in electrical engineering in 1997, received the M.Sc. degree from the Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal, in 2000, and the Ph.D. degree from the Universidade de Coimbra, in 2009, in collaboration with the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Since 1997, he has been with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão, Instituto Politécnico de Leiria, Leiria, Portugal. Since 1998, he has been with the Instituto de Telecomunicações, Portugal, where he is currently a Senior Researcher. He has coordinated and is currently involved as a researcher in various national and international funded projects. His current research interests include digital signal and image processing, namely, image and video compression, point cloud and light field image and video compression, medical image compression and many-core programming.

Carla Pagliari is Senior Researcher and Professor at the Departamento de Engenharia Elétrica (SE/3), of the Instituto Militar de Engenharia, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. She received the Ph.D. degree in electronic systems engineering from the University of Essex, Colchester, U.K., in 2000. She was with TV Globo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1983 to 1985. From 1986 to 1992, she was a Researcher with the Brazilian Army Research and Development Institute, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Since 1993, she has been with the Department of...

Inhalt
1 Introduction
1.1 Motivation
1.2 Objectives and contributions of the book
1.3 Outline of the book
2 Prediction techniques for image and video coding
2.1 Digital video representation
2.2 Image prediction overview
2.3 State-of-the-art prediction methods
2.3.1 Intra-frame prediction
2.3.2 Inter-frame prediction
2.4 Least-squares prediction methods
2.4.1 Linear prediction of images and video using LSP
2.4.2 Context-based adaptive LSP
2.4.3 Block-based LSP
2.4.4 Spatio-temporal LSP
2.5 Sparse representation for image prediction
2.5.1 Sparse prediction problem formulation
2.5.2 Matching Pursuit methods
2.5.3 Template Matching algorithm
2.5.4 Neighbour embedding methods
2.6 Conclusions
3 Image and video coding standards
3.1 Hybrid video compression
3.2 Compression of 2D video
3.2.1 H.265/HEVC standard
3.2.2 Experimental results
3.3 Compression of 3D video
3.3.1 3D video systems
3.3.2 3D video coding standards
3.3.3 Experimental results
3.4 Conclusions
4 Compression of depth maps using predictive coding
4.1 Overview of intra techniques for depth map coding
4.1.1 Directional intra prediction
4.1.2 Depth Modelling Modes
4.1.3 Depth Lookup Table
4.1.4 Segment-wise DC Coding
4.1.5 Single Depth Intra Mode
4.1.6 View Synthesis Optimisation
4.2 Overview of Predictive Depth Coding
4.3 Coding techniques of PDC algorithm
4.3.1 Flexible block partitioning
4.3.2 Directional intra prediction framework
4.3.3 Constrained Depth Modelling Mode
4.3.4 Residual signal coding
4.3.5 Bitstream syntax and context modelling
4.4 PDC encoder control
4.5 Experimental Results
4.5.1 Evaluation of PDC algorithm for intra coding
4.5.2 Evaluation of PDC algorithm using VSO metric
4.5.3 Evaluation of PDC algorithm combined with 3D-HEVC standard
4.6 Conclusions
5 Sparse representation methods for image prediction
5.1 3D holoscopic image coding using LLE-based prediction
5.1.1 Proposed HEVC encoder using LLE-based prediction
5.1.2 Experimental Results
5.2 The sparse-LSP method for intra prediction
5.2.1 Algorithm description
5.2.2 Mathematical interpretation
5.3 Application of sparse-LSP to HEVC standard
5.3.1 Implementation details
5.3.2 Experimental results
5.4 Conclusions
6 Generalised optimal sparse predictors
6.1 Two-stage interpretation of directional prediction
6.2 Generalising directional prediction
6.3 Sparse model estimation algorithms
6.3.1 Matching Pursuit algorithms
6.3.2 Least Angle Regression
6.3.3 LASSO regression
6.3.4 Elastic Net regression
6.4 Proposed algorithm based on adaptive sparse predictors for HEVC
6.5 Experimental results
6.5.1 Effect of sparsity constraints
6.5.2 Regularisation parameters for optimal RD performance
6.5.3 RD performance relative to other intra prediction methods
6.6 Conclusions
7 Conclusions and other research directions
8 Test signals
8.1 Test images
8.2 Holoscopic images
References

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Produktinformationen

Titel
Efficient Predictive Algorithms for Image Compression
Autor
EAN
9783319511801
ISBN
978-3-319-51180-1
Format
E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber
Springer
Genre
Technik
Veröffentlichung
09.02.2017
Digitaler Kopierschutz
Wasserzeichen
Dateigrösse
4.31 MB
Anzahl Seiten
169
Jahr
2017
Untertitel
Englisch
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