The collected papers in this volume cover the effects of environmental stress under a biological and energetic model. Examples are taken from fossil and living animal populations, and from outlier human populations and traditional societies. These examples indicate that stress increases energy demands and so reduces reproductive fitness. A wide range of stressful situations also are analyzed under the less stringent conditions experienced by modern human populations, when cultural factors assume importance. These emphasize the interaction between genetic, physiological, psychological and social factors in everyday life and in clinical settings.
Preface - Notes on the Contributors - Long-term Responses to Physical Stress: Evidence from the Fossil Record; P.R.Sheldon - Environmental Stress and Evolutionary Adaptation; R.J.Berry -The Galton Lecture for 1994: From Energy Budgets to Adaptive Limits Under Stress: Sexual Ornaments, Senescence, and Outlier Human Populations; P.A.Parsons - Population Differences in Blood Pressure Genes; N.D.Carter - Sub-Threshold Effects of Maternal Alcohol Consumption on Craniodental Development; J.A.Kieser - The Assessment of Stress in Traditional Societies; L.H.Schmitt - Stress, Gender and Leadership; M.Frankenhaeuser - Stress, Work, and Health: the Role of Individual Differences; K.R.Parkes - Stress in Hospital Patients; J.Wilson-Barnett - Cardiovascular Disease and Stress: from Aetiology to Intervention; A.Steptoe - Psychosocial Stress and Cancer; H.J.Eysenck - Index