Smart Grid Standards

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Beschreibung

A fully comprehensive introduction to smart grid standards and their applications for developers, consumers and service providers

The critical role of standards for smart grid has already been realized by world-wide governments and industrial organizations. There are hundreds of standards for Smart Grid which have been developed in parallel by different organizations.  It is therefore necessary to arrange those standards in such a way that it is easier for readers to easily understand and select a particular standard according to their requirements without going into the depth of each standard, which often spans from hundreds to thousands of pages.

The book will allow people in the smart grid areas and in the related industries to easily understand the fundamental standards of smart grid, and quickly find the building-block standards they need from hundreds of standards for implementing a smart grid system. The authors highlight the most advanced works and efforts now under way to realize an integrated and interoperable smart grid, such as the 'NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Release 2.0', the' IEC Smart Grid Standardization Roadmap', the ISO/IEC's 'Smart Grid Standards for Residential Customers', the ZigBee/HomePlug's 'Smart Energy Profile Specification 2.0', IEEE's P2030 'Draft Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information Technology Operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), and End-Use Applications and Loads', and the latest joint research project results between the world's two largest economies, US and China. The book enables readers to fully understand the latest achievements and ongoing technical works of smart grid standards, and assist industry utilities, vendors, academia, regulators, and other smart grid stakeholders in future decision making.

The book begins with an overview of the smart grid, and introduces the opportunities in both developed and developing countries.  It then examines the standards for power grid domain of the smart grid, including standards for blackout prevention and energy management, smart transmission, advanced distribution management and automation, smart substation automation, and condition monitoring. Communication and security standards as a whole are the backbone of smart grid and their standards, including those for wired and wireless communications, are then assessed. Finally the authors consider the standards and on-going work and efforts for interoperability and integration between different standards and networks, including the latest joint research effort between the world's two largest economies, US and China.  

  • A fully comprehensive introduction to smart grid standards and their applications for developers, consumers and service providers
  • Covers all up-to-date standards of smart grid, including the key standards from NIST, IEC, ISO ZigBee, IEEE, HomePlug, SAE, and other international and regional standardization organizations. The Appendix summarizes all of the standards mentioned in the book
  • Presents standards for renewable energy and smart generation, covering wind energy, solar voltaic, fuel cells, pumped storage, distributed generation, and nuclear generation standards. Standards for other alternative sources of energy such as geothermal energy, and bioenergy are briefly introduced
  • Introduces the standards for smart storage and plug-in electric vehicles, including standards for distributed energy resources (DER), electric storage, and E-mobility/plug-in vehicles

The book is written in an accessible style, ideal as an introduction to the topic, yet contains sufficient detail and research to appeal to the more advanced and specialist reader.<

Takuro Sato
Waseda University, Japan

Daniel M. Kammen
University of California, Berkeley, USA

Bin Duan
Xiangtan University, China

Martin Macuha
France Telecom Japan Co. Ltd., Japan

Zhenyu Zhou
North China Electric Power University,
China

Jun Wu
Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Solomon Abebe Asfaw
University of California, Berkeley, USA

Muhammad Tariq
FAST National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Pakistan



Autorentext

Takuro Sato, Waseda University, Japan

Martin Macuha, France Telecom Japan Co. Ltd., Japan

Muhammad Tariq, FAST National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Pakistan

Daniel M. Kammen, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Zhenyu Zhou, North China Electric Power University, China

Solomon Abebe Asfaw, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Bin Duan, Xiangtan University, China

Jun Wu, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Klappentext

Smart Grid Standards
Specifications, Requirements, and Technologies

With numerous existing Smart Grid standards, it is clear that governments and industrial organizations world-wide have understood and acknowledged the critical role they play. This timely book is a useful guide for Smart Grid professionals in easily classifying fundamental Smart Grid standards, and to quickly ???nd the building blocks they need to analyse and implement a Smart Grid system. The standards are organized in a systematic manner that aids identi???cation, according to grid requirements. It also covers broader Smart Grid areas including, but not limited to, the following:

  • A fully comprehensive introduction to Smart Grid standards and their applications for developers, consumers and service providers
  • Presents up-to-date standards of Smart Grid, including the key standards from NIST, IEC, ISO ZigBee, IEEE, HomePlug, SAE, and other international and regional standardization organizations
  • Covers short technological overviews and standards of wind energy, solar photovoltaic, fuel cells, pumped storage, and nuclear generation as well as other alternative sources of energy such as geothermal and bioenergy
  • Provides short technological overviews and standards for smart storage and plug-in electric vehicles, including standards for distributed energy resources (DER), electric storage, and E-mobility/plug-in vehicles
  • Explores scenarios for future low carbon power grid, describes potential for high renewable integration, and the corresponding policies and operational challenges of the Smart Grid
  • Summarizes all of the standards mentioned in the book

As a comprehensive treatment of the topic, Smart Grid Standards: Speci???cations, Requirements, and Technologies is ideal for utilities, ICT manufacturers, telecommunication providers, engineers and researchers, postgraduates in electrical engineering, and government and industry regulators. Testing laboratories and certi???cation organizations will also ???nd the book useful.

Inhalt

About the Authors xi

Preface xv

Acknowledgments xvii

1 An Overview of the Smart Grid 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 An Overview of Smart Grid-Related Organizations 3

1.2.1 SDOs Dealing with the Smart Grid 4

1.2.2 Technical Consortia, Forums, and Panels Dealing with the Smart Grid 9

1.2.3 Other Political, Market, and Trade Organizations, Forums, and Alliances 12

1.3 Status of the United States (US) 15

1.3.1 Strategy Development and Planning 15

1.3.2 Policy and Law Enforcement 18

1.3.3 Government and Company Pilot Projects 19

1.4 Status of the European Union (EU) 20

1.4.1 Activities of the European Union 20

1.4.2 Activities of EU Member Countries 22

1.5 Status of Japan 25

1.6 Status of South Korea 27

1.7 Status of China 28

1.8 Conclusions 30

References 30

2 Renewable Energy Generation 35

2.1 Introduction 35

2.2 Renewable Energy Systems and the Smart Grid 37

2.2.1 Hydroelectric Power 37

2.2.2 Solar Energy 40

2.2.3 Wind Energy 51

2.2.4 Fuel Cell 56

2.2.5 Geothermal Energy 60

2.2.6 Biomass 64

2.3 Challenges of Renewable Energy Systems 73

2.3.1 High Capital Cost 73

2.3.2 Integrating Renewable to the On-Grid 74

2.3.3 Reliable Supply of Power 74

2.3.4 Power Transmission 74

2.3.5 Power Distribution 74

2.4 Conclusion 75

References 75

3 Power Grid 79

3.1 Power Grid Systems 80

3.2 An Overview of the Important Key Standards for the Power Grid 81

3.3 Communications in the Smart Grid 82

3.3.1 Communications for Substations: IEC 61850 Standards 82

3.3.2 Communications for Telecontrol: IEC 60870-5 Standards 88

3.3.3 Inter-Control Center Communications: IEC 60870-6 Standards 93

3.4 Energy Management Systems 97

3.4.1 Application Program Interface: the IEC 61970 Standards 97

3.4.2 Software Inter-Application Integration: the IEC 61968 Standards 102

3.5 Teleprotection Equipment 106

3.5.1 An Overview of the IEC 60834 106

3.5.2 Types of Teleprotection Command Schemes 107

3.5.3 Requirements for Command Type Teleprotection Systems 108

3.5.4 Teleprotection System Performance Requirements 108

3.5.5 Teleprotection System Performance Tests 110

3.6 Application Cases of Related Standards in the Power Grid 111

3.6.1 Case 1: Engineering Process in Smart Substation Automation 111

3.6.2 Case 2: Information Exchange Services and Service Tracking 117

3.7 Analysis of Relationships among Related Standards 125

3.7.1 IEC 61970 and IEC 61968 125

3.7.2 IEC 61850 and IEC 61970 126

3.7.3 IEC 61850 and IEC 60870 126

3.7.4 TASE.2 and MMS 127

3.7.5 Latest Progresses of Related Standards 128

3.8 Conclusion 129

Appendix 3.A A SED File Example (Extensible Markup Language) 129

References 140

4 Smart Storage and Electric Vehicles 145

4.1 Introduction 145

4.2 Electric Storage 146

4.2.1 An Overview of Electric Storage 146

4.2.2 Electric Storage Technologies and Applications 147

4.2.3 Standardization Projects and Efforts 151

4.3 Distributed Energy Resources 154

4.3.1 An Overview of Distributed Energy Resources 154

4.3.2 Technologies and Applications 155

4.3.3 Various Standardization Processes and Projects 158

4.4 E-Mobility/Electric Vehicles 160

4.4.1 Introduction of E-Mobility/Electric Vehicles 160

4.4.2 The Rise and Fall of Electric Vehicles 161

4.4.3 Types of Electric Vehicles 162

4.4.4 Electric Vehicle Batteries 164

4.4.5 Grid to Vehicle (G2V) and Vehicle to Grid (V2G) Opportunities and Challenges 166

4.4.6 Standardization of E-Mobility/Electric Vehic...

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Produktinformationen

Titel
Smart Grid Standards
Untertitel
Specifications, Requirements, and Technologies
Autor
EAN
9781118653791
ISBN
978-1-118-65379-1
Format
E-Book (epub)
Hersteller
Wiley
Herausgeber
Wiley
Genre
Wärme-, Energie- und Kraftwerktechnik
Veröffentlichung
02.02.2015
Digitaler Kopierschutz
Adobe-DRM
Dateigrösse
12.33 MB
Anzahl Seiten
488
Jahr
2015
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