The aim of this book is to bring together multidisciplinary research in the field of green infrastructure design, construction and ecology. The main core of the volume is constituted by contributions dealing with green infrastructure, vegetation science, nature-based solutions and sustainable urban development.
The green infrastructure and its ecosystem services, indeed, are gaining space in both political agendas and academic research. However, the attention is focused on the services that nature is giving for free to and for human health and survival. What if we start to see things from another perspective? Our actions shall converge for instance to turn man-made environment like cities from heterotrophic to autotrophic ecosystems. From landscape ecology to urban and building design, like bricks of a wall, from the small scale to the bigger landscape scale via ecological networks and corridors, we should start answering these questions: what are the services that are we offering to Nature? What are we improving? How to implement our actions?
This book contains three Open Access chapters, which are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
Chiara Catalano, PhD in Technologies for Sustainability and Land Restoration at the University of Palermo (2017) and MSc in Architecture (2008) at the University of Catania. Her eager to travel and to learn different viewpoints took her to live also in London, Zurich, Hannover and eské Budjovice where she could alternate professional work, further education, and research activities. From 2017, she got a permanent position as a Researcher at Zurich University of Applied Sciences within the Urban Ecology research group, and currently within the Green Spaces Development. She is engaged in teaching in several BSc modules related to Urban Ecology and Ecosystems Design (in German and English), in supervising both BSc and MSc thesis on these topics, but also in the research and innovation area. Currently, she is leading an international project (DeMo: Design and Modelling of Urban Ecosystems, Switzerland-France), aiming at developing a semi-automatic spatial-based approach to integrate habitats in constructed ecosystems and buildings. Her primary passion as well as the topic of her PhD thesis were near-natural and biodiverse green roof design, construction and monitoring, interests well documented in international peer-review articles and conferences. She landed on the ground of urban green infrastructure inspired by the capability of plants to build dynamic communities able to characterize and reveal specific environmental conditions: plants cannot move, but they give lessons of perfection and slow adaptation, plants cannot speak, but we can observe and study them to plan greener, sustainable and liveable cities.Maria Beatrice Andreucci, Ph.D. in Environmental Design (Sapienza University of Rome), M.B.A. (INSEAD). She is a registered architect and an economist and focuses her professional activity, research and teaching on the application of environmental technological design and environmental economics theories, principles and methods on urban design, architecture, and landscape architecture projects. Management Committee member of the COST Action PESFOR-W Payments for Ecosystem Services Forests for Water. Core group member of the COST Action Circular City Implementing Nature-based Solutions for creating a resourceful Circular City. Co-chair of the European research project EKLIPSE - Urban Biodiversity & Mental Health and Well-being, in cooperation with the French Ministry of the Environment and the World Health Organization. Chair of IFLA International Federation of Landscape Architects Advisory Circle. Member of SITdA Italian Society of Technology of Architecture, and EDRA "Environmental Design Research Association. In the last decade, she has authored two books, co-edited three books and published more than sixty papers in peer-reviewed journals and conferences. Her design projects have been published in international journals, and have won recognitions and prizes at international levels. Currently, she works as Research Professor of Environmental Technological Design, member of the Academic Board of the Ph.D. Program in Planning, Design, Technology of Architecture; and expert member of the Scientific Didactic Committee of the II level Master in Environmental Technological Design, at Sapienza University of Rome.
Riccardo Guarino is the victim of an insane passion for plants, which led him to devote his restless youth to the floristic exploration of the southern Alpine and Prealpine Region. From the highest peaks, he slipped downstream and, after years as a castaway in the stormy Sea of Precariousness, he landed at the University of Palermo (Sicily), as a lecturer in Applied and Environmental Botany. His research interests include vegetation ecology, vegetation classification, biogeography, floristics, multifunctional agriculture and conservation biology. About these topics, he authored or co-authored more than 150 peer-reviewed contributions, 8 monographs, 11 book chapters. His interest in green infrastructures is driven by the desire to offer plants as much space as possible. Plants have an essential smartness, a simplicity lived with serene grace. Silently passing their time on the earth, they glamorize without clamour, they give without demanding. He who loves plants can see how gross it is to hoard without limits; how illusory it is to claim pre-emption over what, in reality, belongs to everyone; how vain it is to spend time just to satisfy needless needs, believing that this is the right way to escape from a status that looks like "poverty" to our blinded eyes. He who really loves plants realizes that we are getting poorer and poorer while we continue this vast and violent exploitation of our planet.
Francesca Bretzel was born in Milan and now lives in Pisa, where she carried out her superior studies obtaining a degree in Agricult...
Preface.- Acknowledgements.- Chapter 1. Urban Services to Ecosystems: An introduction (Riccardo Guarino, Maria Beatrice Andreucci, Manfredi Leone, Francesca Bretzel, Salvatore Pasta & Chiara Catalano).- Part I: Green Infrastructure, Urban Ecology and Vegetation Science.- Chapter 2. Improving extensive green roofs for endangered ground-nesting birds (Nathalie Baumann, Chiara Catalano & Salvatore Pasta).- Chapter 3. A plant sociological procedure for the ecological design and enhancement of urban green infrastructure (Chiara Catalano, Salvatore Pasta & Riccardo Guarino).- Chapter 4. Functional and phylogenetic characteristics of vegetation: effects on constructed green infrastructure (Amy Heim, Garland Xie & Jeremy Lundholm).- Chapter 5. Green Infrastructure within urban and rural landscapes following Landscape Bionomics (Vittorio Ingegnoli).- Chapter 6. Roof greening with native plant species of dry sandy grasslands in northwestern Germany (Kathrin Kiehl, Daniel Jeschke & Roland Schröder).- Chapter 7. Nature-Based Solutions as Tools for Monitoring the Abiotic and Biotic Factors in Urban Ecosystems (Federica Larcher, Chiara Baldacchini, Chiara Ferracini, Monica Vercelli, Martina Ristorini, Luca Battisti & Carlo Calfapietra).- Chapter 8. Anthosart Green Tool: selecting species for green infrastructure design (Patrizia Menegoni, Riccardo Guarino, Sandro Pignatti, Claudia Trotta, Francesca Lecce, Federica Colucci, Maria Sighicelli & Loris Pietrelli).- Chapter 9. Stewardship innovation: the forgotten component in maximising the value of urban nature-based solutions (Caroline Nash, Heather Rumble & Stuart Connop).- Chapter 10. Nature as model: Evaluating the mature vegetation of early extensive green roofs (Christine Thuring & Nigel Dunnett).- Chapter 11. Less is more: soil and substrate quality as an opportunity for urban greening and biodiversity conservation (Francesca Vannucchi, Francesca Bretzel, Roberto Pini & Heather Rumble).- Part II: Planning and Implementation of Green Infra-structure.- Chapter 12. Public Nature: The Contribution of Urban Agriculture to New Green Infrastructure in Japan (Noriko Akita).- Chapter 13. Anticipating an Urban Green Infrastructure Design for the Turkish Mediterranean City of Antalya (Meryem Atik, Veli Ortaçesme & Emrah Yildirim).- Chapter 14. Multifunctional ecological networks as framework for landscape and spatial planning in Italy (Serena D'ambrogi & Matteo Guccione).- Chapter 15. The foodscape as ecological system. Landscape resources for r-urban bmetabolism, social empowerment and cultural production (Sara Favargiotti & Angelica Pianegonda).- Chapter 16. Policies and planning of urban Green Infrastructure and sustainable urban drainage systems (Daniele La Rosa & Viviana Pappalardo).- Chapter 17. Soil and Water Bioengineering as Natural Based Solutions (Paola Sangalli, João Paulo Fernandes & Guillermo Tardío).- Chapter 18. Guided by Water: Green Infrastructure Planning and Design Adapted To Climate Change (Camila Gomes Sant'anna, Ian Mell & Luciana Bongiovanni Martins Schenk).- Chapter 19. Abandoned Lands on Lower Danube's Urban Front as Opportunity to Enhance the River Corridor and the Urban Green Infrastructure (Angelica - Ionela Stan & Mihaela Hrmnescu).- Chapter 20. The Collserola Special Protection Plan (PEPNat): a bid for coresponsibility in agricultural and forest management (Eugènia Vidal-Casanovas, Laura Cid, Antoni Farrero, Patricia García-Rodríguez & Kyriaki Ilousi).- Part III: Nature-Based Solutions and Innovative Design Approaches.- Chapter 21. Exploring Regenerative Co-benefits of Biophilic Design for People and the Environment (Maria Beatrice Andreucci, Angela Loder, Beth Mcgee, Jelena Brajkovi & Martin Brown).- Chapter 22. Design the Urban Microclimate: Nature-based Solutions and Technology at Nexus (Silvia Coccolo, Marco Delli Paoli, Alessandro Stracqualursi & Maria Beatrice Andreucci).- Chapter 23. Evolution of the Approaches to Planting Design of Parks and Gardens as Main Greenspaces of Green Infrastructure (Maria Ignatieva).- Chapter 24. Environment in megacities: Tehran Waterscapes (Manfredi Leone, Ayda Alehashemi & Giuditta Lo Tauro).- Chapter 25. Cities facing the Wild (Annalisa Metta & Maria Livia Olivetti).- Chapter 26. Biodiverse Cities: Exploring multifunctional green infrastructure for ecosystem services and human well-being (Alessio Russo & Katie A. Holzer).- Chapter 27. In Consideration of the Tree: The importance of structure and function in the realization of Ecological Design (Naomi Zürcher).- Index