Urban Vulnerability and Climate Change in Africa

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Beschreibung

Urbanisation and climate change are among the major challenges for sustainable development in Africa. The overall aim of this book is to present innovative approaches to vulnerability analysis and for enhancing the resilience of African cities against climate change-induced risks. Locally adapted IPCC climate change scenarios, which also consider possible changes in urban population, have been developed. Innovative strategies to land use and spatial planning are proposed that seek synergies between the adaptation to climate change and the need to solve social problems. Furthermore, the book explores the role of governance in successfully coping with climate-induced risks in urban areas. The book is unique in that it combines: a top-down perspective of climate change modeling with a bottom-up perspective of vulnerability assessment; quantitative approaches from engineering sciences and qualitative approaches of the social sciences; a novel multi-risk modeling methodology; and strategic approaches to urban and green infrastructure planning with neighborhood perspectives of adaptation.



Klappentext

The book presents results of CLUVA (CLimate Change and Urban Vulnerability in Africa), a large European Commission funded research project (2010-2013). The project aimed to develop a better understanding of the risks and impacts of climate change related hazards to African cities, assess their vulnerability to these risks, and identify innovative strategies for planning and governance to increase their resilience. For the first time, a systematic and groundbreaking study of this kind was applied in an inter- and trans-disciplinary approach. CLUVA was unique in that it combined: a top-down perspective of climate change modeling with a bottom-up perspective of vulnerability assessment; quantitative approaches from engineering sciences and qualitative approaches of the social sciences; a novel multi-risk modeling methodology; strategic approaches to urban and green infrastructure planning with neighborhood perspectives of adaptation.

The book broadly follows the approach taken in the CLUVA project. First, the combined pressures of urbanisation and climate change on the African continent and the potential impacts these will have on cities are illustrated. Then, the vulnerability of three main elements of the urban system is explored: built structures and infrastructures, urban ecosystems and people. Rich material from five case studies is provided for in-depth discussion of the factors that make these elements vulnerable to climate change, while alternatives for increasing their adaptive capacity are outlined. Another section is dedicated to the role of urban planning and governance for climate change adaptation, which is approached from diverse perspectives. Finally, the different dimensions of the CLUVA project are synthesised to develop an outlook on future coping strategies for urbanisation and climate change in African cities. Leading researchers in the fields of vulnerability and urban planning have been invited to contribute complementary chapters. Thus, the book should be of wide interest to scholars in the field of urban vulnerability and climate change.



Inhalt

1 Urbanisation and Climate Change in Africa: Setting the Scene
Angela Di Ruocco, Paolo Gasparini and Guy Weets
2 The Impacts of Climate Change on African Cities
Maurizio Giugni, Ingo Simonis, Edoardo Bucchignani, Paolo Capuano, Francesco De Paola, Francois Engelbrecht, Paola Mercogliano and Maria Elena Topa
3 Vulnerability of Built Environment to Flooding in African Cities
Fatemeh Jalayer, Raffaele De Risi, Alphonce Kyessi, Elinorata Mbuya and Nebyou Yonas
4 Green Infrastructure for Climate Adaptation in African Cities
Sarah J. Lindley, Susannah E. Gill, Gina Cavan, Kumelachew Yeshitela, Alemu Nebebe, Tekle Woldegerima, Deusdedit Kibassa, Riziki Shemdoe, Florian Renner, Katja Buchta, Hany Abo-El-Wafa, Andreas Printz, Fatimatou Sall, Adrien Coly, Ndèye Marème Ndour, Rodrigue A. Feumba, Maurice O. M. Zogning, Emmanuel Tonyé, Youssoufou Ouédraogo, Saïdou Bani Samari and Bakary T. Sankara
5 Small Cities and Towns in Africa: Insights into Adaptation Challenges and Potentials
Ben Wisner, Mark Pelling, Adolfo Mascarenhas, Ailsa Holloway, Babacar Ndong, Papa Faye, Jesse Ribot and David Simon
6 Assessing Social Vulnerability of Households and Communities in Flood Prone Urban Areas
Sigrun Kabisch, Nathalie Jean-Baptiste, Regina John and Wilbard Kombe
7 Multi-Risk Assessment as a Tool for Decision-Making
Alexander Garcia-Aristizabal, Paolo Gasparini and Guido Uhinga
8 USSDM - Urban Spatial Scenario Design Modelling
Andreas Printz, Hany Abo-El-Wafa, Katja Buchta and Stephan Pauleit
9 Multi-level Governance, Resilience to Flood Risks and Coproduction in Urban Africa
Trond Vedeld, Wilbard Kombe, Clara Kweka-Msale, Ndèye Marème Ndour, Adrien Coly and Siri Hellevik
10 Towards Climate Change Resilient Cities in Africa - Initiating Adaptation in Dar es Salaam and Addis Ababa
Lise Herslund, Dorthe Hedensted Lund, Gertrud Jørgensen, Patience Mguni, Wilbard Kombe and Kumelachew Yeshitela
11 Fostering Transformative Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in the African City: Opportunities and Constraints of Urban Planning
Susan Parnell
12 The Way Forward: Climate Resilient Cities for Africa's Future
Sandra Fohlmeister, Stephan Pauleit, Adrien Coly, Hamidou Touré and Kumelachew Yeshitela
Index

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Produktinformationen

Titel
Urban Vulnerability and Climate Change in Africa
Untertitel
A Multidisciplinary Approach
Editor
EAN
9783319039824
ISBN
978-3-319-03982-4
Format
E-Book (pdf)
Hersteller
Springer International Publishing
Herausgeber
Springer
Genre
Biologie
Veröffentlichung
13.04.2015
Digitaler Kopierschutz
Wasserzeichen
Dateigrösse
13.3 MB
Anzahl Seiten
404
Jahr
2015
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