1830-1930: A Century of Geometry

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Beschreibung

This collection sheds light on the most important and revolutionary developments in mathematics and physics with far-reaching consequences for the philosophy of science: the geometry of the 19th and 20th centuries based on analysis and group theory.

In the first half of the 19th century geometry changed radically, and withina century it helped to revolutionize both mathematics and physics. It also put the epistemology and the philosophy of science on a new footing. In this volume a sound overview of this development is given by leading mathematicians, physicists, philosophers, and historians of science. This interdisciplinary approach gives this collection a unique character. It can be used by scientists and students, but it also addresses a general readership.

Klappentext

In the first half of the 19th century geometry changed
radically, and withina century it helped to revolutionize
both mathematics and physics. It also put the epistemology
and the philosophy of science on a new footing. In this
volume a sound overview of this development is given by
leading mathematicians, physicists, philosophers, and
historians of science. This interdisciplinary approach gives
this collection a unique character. It can be used by
scientists and students, but it also addresses a general
readership.



Inhalt
The birth of non-Euclidean geometry.- Riemann's vision of a new approach to geometry.- Poincaré and Klein groups and geometries.- Klein, Lie, and the Erlanger programm.- Apparent contours from Monge to Todd.- L'Espace : Concept abstrait et/ou physique ; la géométrie entre formalisation mathématique et etude de la nature.- Geometrie und Erfahrung.- The geometric challenge of Riemann and Clifford.- Poincaré et Enriques : deux points de vue différents sur les relations entre géométrie, mécanique et physique.- Physical geometry and special relativity. Einstein et Poincaré.- Transport parallèle et connexions en Géométrie et en Physique.- De la Géométrie Formelle à l'Algèbre Abstraite.- Le Principe de Dualité : sa Signification Historique et Epistémologique.- The formal and the transcendental in mathematics.- Un Panorama des Mathématiques.- Mathematical progress as synthesis of intuition and calculus.- What is space?.- La lineale ausdehnungslehre (1844) de Hermann Günther Grassmann.- La capture de l'extension comme dialectique géométrique : Dimension et puissance selon l'ausdehnung de Grassmann (1844).- Helmholtz and Poincaré's considerations on the genesis of geometry.- Le continu contre l'espace.- Geometrical concepts in quantum physics.- Physics and differential geometry.- Actuality of transcendental æsthetics for modern physics.

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Produktinformationen

Titel
1830-1930: A Century of Geometry
Untertitel
Epistemology, History and Mathematics
Editor
EAN
9783662138908
ISBN
3662138905
Format
Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Anzahl Seiten
316
Gewicht
548g
Größe
H244mm x B170mm x T17mm
Jahr
2014
Untertitel
Englisch, Französisch
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