Providing a comprehensive analysis of CO2 compression, transportation processes and safety issues for post combustion CO2 capture applications for a 900 MW pulverized hard coal-fired power plant, this book assesses techniques for boosting the pressure of CO2 to pipeline pressure values with a minimal amount of energy. Four different types of compressors are examined in detail: a conventional multistage centrifugal compressor, integrally geared centrifugal compressor, supersonic shock wave compressor, and pump machines. The study demonstrates that the total compression power is closely related to the thermodynamic process and is not determined by compressor efficiency alone. Another problem addressed is that of CO2 pipeline transport from the compressor outlet site to a disposal site under heat transfer conditions. The book also features an analysis of simulations and models that are used to determine the maximum safe pipeline distance to subsequent booster stations as a function of inlet pressure, ambient temperature, thickness of the thermal insulation and ground-level heat flux conditions. This book focuses on compression as well as transportation processes with particular emphasis on the safety risks related to the transport of CO2. The most important problem in terms of environmental protection is ensuring precise and reliable hazard identification. As hazards can only be managed effectively if they are properly identified, problems involving the discharge and atmospheric dispersion of CO2 are also discussed.
Solves open problems in carbon capture and storage (CCS) and in the analysis of CO2 compression and transportation system processes, as well as safety issues for post-combustion CO2 capture applications for a 900 MW pulverized hard coal-fired power plant
Includes case studies and simulations to determine the maximum safe distances of the pipeline to subsequent booster stations as a function of ambient temperature and thickness of the thermal insulation layer
Provides the reader extensive insights into the discharge and atmospheric dispersion of CO2 in pipeline failures
General Introduction.- General Physical Properties of CO2 in Compression and Transportation Processes.- Compression and Pumping Technology Options.- Reference Options of the CO2 Compression Processes Available for Technological Concepts of a 900 MW Pulverized Coal-Fired Power Plant.- The Use of Waste Heat from the CO2 Compression Process.- Analysis of Transportation Systems for CO2 Sequestration.- Analysis of risk related to carbon dioxide pipeline transport.