Dynamics of the Unicycle

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Beschreibung

This book presents a three-dimensional model of the complete unicycleunicyclist system. A unicycle with a unicyclist on it represents a very complex system. It combines Mechanics, Biomechanics and Control Theory into the system, and is impressive in both its simplicity and improbability. Even more amazing is the fact that most unicyclists don't know that what they're doing is, according to science, impossible just like bumblebees theoretically shouldn't be able to fly.

This book is devoted to the problem of modeling and controlling a 3D dynamical system consisting of a single-wheeled vehicle, namely a unicycle and the cyclist (unicyclist) riding it. The equations of motion are derived with the aid of the rarely used BoltzmannHamel Equations in Matrix Form, which are based on quasi-velocities. The Matrix Form allows Hamel coefficients to be automatically generated, and eliminates all the difficulties associated with determining these quantities. The equations of motion are solved by means of Wolfram Mathematica. To more faithfully represent the unicyclist as part of the model, the model is extended according to the main principles of biomechanics. The impact of the pneumatic tire is investigated using the Pacejka Magic Formula model including experimental determination of the stiffness coefficient.

The aim of control is to maintain the unicycleunicyclist system in an unstable equilibrium around a given angular position. The control system, based on LQ Regulator, is applied in Wolfram Mathematica.

Lastly, experimental validation, 3D motion capture using software OptiTrack Motive:Body and high-speed cameras are employed to test the model's legitimacy. The description of the unicycleunicyclist system dynamical model, simulation results, and experimental validation are all presented in detail.



Klappentext

This book presents a three-dimensional model of the complete unicycle-unicyclist system. A unicycle with a unicyclist on it represents a very complex system. It combines Mechanics, Biomechanics and Control Theory into the system, and is impressive in both its simplicity and improbability. Even more amazing is the fact that most unicyclists don't know that what they're doing is, according to science, impossible - just like bumblebees theoretically shouldn't be able to fly.

This book is devoted to the problem of modeling and controlling a 3D dynamical system consisting of a single-wheeled vehicle, namely a unicycle and the cyclist (unicyclist) riding it. The equations of motion are derived with the aid of the rarely used Boltzmann-Hamel Equations in Matrix Form, which are based on quasi-velocities. The Matrix Form allows Hamel coefficients to be automatically generated, and eliminates all the difficulties associated with determining these quantities. The equations of motion are solved by means of Wolfram Mathematica. To more faithfully represent the unicyclist as part of the model, the model is extended according to the main principles of biomechanics. The impact of the pneumatic tire is investigated using the Pacejka Magic Formula model including experimental determination of the stiffness coefficient.



The aim of control is to maintain the unicycle-unicyclist system in an unstable equilibrium around a given angular position. The control system, based on LQ Regulator, is applied in Wolfram Mathematica.


Lastly, experimental validation, 3D motion capture using software OptiTrack - Motive:Body and high-speed cameras are employed to test the model's legitimacy. The description of the unicycle-unicyclist system dynamical model, simulation results, and experimental validation are all presented in detail.



Inhalt
PRELIMINARY:1 Introductions 1.1 Unicycle - one wheel vehicle 1.2 Types of the unicycles 1.3 Unicycle in technical aspect 2 Literature Survey 3 Motivations 4 Euler angles 5 The model of the Unicycle-Unicyclist System 6 The parameters of the model 6.1 The unicycle parameters 6.2 Unicyclist's parameters and biomechanics 7 The Tyre modelling 7.1 Tyre stiness coecient . 7.2 Pacejka's Magic Formula 8 Boltzman-Hammel Equations 9 Energy of the system 10 Equations of the model dynamics 11 The control system 12 Numerical Simulations 13 Experimental validation of the model 13.1 2D motion capture 13.2 3D motion capture 14 Conclusions

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Produktinformationen

Titel
Dynamics of the Unicycle
Untertitel
Modelling and Experimental Verification
Autor
EAN
9783319953830
ISBN
978-3-319-95383-0
Format
Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber
Springer, Berlin
Genre
Allgemeines & Lexika
Anzahl Seiten
77
Gewicht
155g
Größe
H5mm x B237mm x T155mm
Jahr
2018
Untertitel
Englisch
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