The Classical Decision Problem

(0) Erste Bewertung abgeben
CHF 211.00
Print on demand - Exemplar wird für Sie besorgt.
Kartonierter Einband
Kein Rückgaberecht!

Beschreibung

This is the most comprehensive treatment available in book form of the classical decision problem of mathematical logic and of the role of the classical decision problem in modern computer science. A revealing analysis of the natural order of decidable and undecidable cases is given. The complete classification of the solvable and unsolvable standard cases of the classical decision problem will be of particular interest to the reader. The classification comes complete with the complexity analysis of the solvable cases, with the comprehensive treatment of the reduction method, and with the model-theoretical analysis of solvable cases. Many cases are treated here for the first time, and a great number of simple proofs and exercises have been inclu- ded. The results and methods of the book are extensively used in logic, computer science and artificial intelligence.

Autorentext
Egon Börger ist Professor für Informatik an der Universität Pisa (Italien) und Alexander-von-Humboldt-Forschungspreisträger.

Zusammenfassung

From the reviews of the first edition:

"The authors ... describe their effort as that of 'combining the features of a research monograph and a textbook.' They suggest that the book - or selected chapters of it - might be used for an introductory course on decision problems, undecidability, and the complexity of decision procedures. ... So there is usually a lot to think about in making sense of the author's arguments. This is part of what makes this book so enjoyable." (R. Gregory Taylor, The Review of Modern Logic, Vol. 9 (3-4), 2004)

"This is the most comprehensive treatment available in book form of the classical decision problem of mathematical logic and of the role of the classical decision problem in modern computer science. A revealing analysis of the natural order of decidable and undecidable cases is given. ... Many cases are treated here for the first time, and a great number of simple proofs and exercises have been included." (L'Enseignement Mathematique, Vol. 48 (1-2), 2002)

"The book is dedicated to a comprehensive presentation of the classical decision problem of first-order logic. ... This book is an essential reference for any researcher in logic, complexity, and artificial intelligence. ... Historical references that are placed at the end of each chapter are very enjoyable and help the reader follow the literature and gain a perspective of the field. ... an excellent reference book for researchers in the field, and for advanced doctoral students in theoretical computer science and logic." (Dan A. Simovici, SIGACT News, Vol. 35 (1), 2004)



Inhalt
1. Introduction: The Classical Decision Problem.- 1.1 The Original Problem.- 1.2 The Transformation of the Classical Decision Problem.- 1.3 What Is and What Isn't in this Book.- I. Undecidable Classes.- 2. Reductions.- 2.1 Undecidability and Conservative Reduction.- 2.1.1 The Church-Turing Theorem and Reduction Classes.- 2.1.2 Trakhtenbrot's Theorem and Conservative Reductions.- 2.1.3 Inseparability and Model Complexity.- 2.2 Logic and Complexity.- 2.2.1 Propositional Satisfiability.- 2.2.2 The Spectrum Problem and Fagin's Theorem.- 2.2.3 Capturing Complexity Classes.- 2.2.4 A Decidable Prefix-Vocabulary Class.- 2.3 The Classifiability Problem.- 2.3.1 The Problem.- 2.3.2 Well Partially Ordered Sets.- 2.3.3 The Well Quasi Ordering of Prefix Sets.- 2.3.4 The Well Quasi Ordering of Arity Sequences.- 2.3.5 The Classifiability of Prefix-Vocabulary Sets.- 2.4 Historical Remarks.- 3. Undecidable Standard Classes for Pure Predicate Logic.- 3.1 The Kahr Class.- 3.1.1 Domino Problems.- 3.1.2 Formalization of Domino Problems by $$[forall exists forall , (0,omega )]$$-Formulae.- 3.1.3 Graph Interpretation of $$[forall exists forall , (0,omega )]$$-Formulae.- 3.1.4 The Remaining Cases Without $$exists *$$.- 3.2 Existential Interpretation for $$[{{forall }^{3}}exists *, (0,1)]$$.- 3.3 The Gurevich Class.- 3.3.1 The Proof Strategy.- 3.3.2 Reduction to Diagonal-Freeness.- 3.3.3 Reduction to Shift-Reduced Form.- 3.3.4 Reduction toFi-Elimination Form.- 3.3.5 Elimination of MonadicFi.- 3.3.6 The Kostyrko-Genenz and Surányi Classes.- 3.4 Historical Remarks.- 4. Undecidable Standard Classes with Functions or Equality.- 4.1 Classes with Functions and Equality.- 4.2 Classes with Functions but Without Equality.- 4.3 Classes with Equality but Without Functions: the Goldfarb Classes 161 4.3.1 Formalization of Natural Numbers in $$[{{forall }^{3}}exists *, (omega ,omega ),(0)]$$=.- 4.3.2 Using Only One Existential Quantifiers.- 4.3.3 Encoding the Non-Auxiliary Binary Predicates.- 4.3.4 Encoding the Auxiliary Binary Predicates of NUM*.- 4.4 Historical Remarks.- 5. Other Undecidable Cases.- 5.1 Krom and Horn Formulae.- 5.1.1 Krom Prefix Classes Without Functions or Equality.- 5.1.2 Krom Prefix Classes with Functions or Equality.- 5.2 Few Atomic Subformulae.- 5.2.1 Few Function and Equality Free Atoms.- 5.2.2 Few Equalities and Inequalities.- 5.2.3 Horn Clause Programs With One Krom Rule.- 5.3 Undecidable Logics with Two Variables.- 5.3.1 First-Order Logic with the Choice Operator.- 5.3.2 Two-Variable Logic with Cardinality Comparison.- 5.4 Conjunctions of Prefix-Vocabulary Classes.- 5.4.1 Reduction to the Case of Conjunctions.- 5.4.2 Another Classifiability Theorem.- 5.4.3 Some Results and Open Problems.- 5.5 Historical Remarks.- II. Decidable Classes and Their Complexity.- 6. Standard Classes with the Finite Model Property.- 6.1 Techniques for Proving Complexity Results.- 6.1.1 Domino Problems Revisited.- 6.1.2 Succinct Descriptions of Inputs.- 6.2 The Classical Solvable Cases.- 6.2.1 Monadic Formulae.- 6.2.2 The Bernays-Schönfinkel-Ramsey Class.- 6.2.3 The Gödel-Kalmár-Schütte Class: a Probabilistic Proof.- 6.3 Formulae with One ?.- 6.3.1 A Satisfiability Test for [?*??*, all, all].- 6.3.2 The Ackermann Class.- 6.3.3 The Ackermann Class with Equality.- 6.4 Standard Classes of Modest Complexity.- 6.4.1 The Relational Classes in P, NP and Co-NP.- 6.4.2 Fragments of the Theory of One Unary Function.- 6.4.3 Other Functional Classes.- 6.5 Finite Model Property vs. Infinity Axioms.- 6.6 Historical Remarks.- 7. Monadic Theories and Decidable Standard Classes with Infinity Axioms.- 7.1 Automata, Games and Decidability of Monadic Theories.- 7.1.1 Monadic Theories.- 7.1.2 Automata on Infinite Words and the Monadic Theory of One Successor.- 7.1.3 Tree Automata, Rabin's Theorem and Forgetful De terminacy.- 7.1.4 The Forgetful Determinacy Theorem for Graph Games.- 7.2 The Monadic Second-Order Theory of One Unary Function.- 7.2.1 Decidability Results for One Unary Function.- 7.2.2 The Theory of One Unary Function is not Elementary Recursive.- 7.3 The Shelah Class.- 7.3.1 Algebras with One Unary Operation.- 7.3.2 Canonic Sentences.- 7.3.3 Terminology and Notation.- 7.3.4 1-Satisfiability.- 7.3.5 2-Satisfiability.- 7.3.6 Refinements.- 7.3.7 Villages.- 7.3.8 Contraction.- 7.3.9 Towns.- 7.3.10 The Final Reduction.- 7.4 Historical Remarks.- 8. Other Decidable Cases.- 8.1 First-Order Logic with Two Variables.- 8.2 Unification and Applications to the Decision Problem.- 8.2.1 Unification.- 8.2.2 Herbrand Formulae.- 8.2.3 Positive First-Order Logic.- 8.3 Decidable Classes of Krom Formulae.- 8.3.1 The Chain Criterion.- 8.3.2 The Aanderaa-Lewis Class.- 8.3.3 The Maslov Class.- 8.4 Historical Remarks.- A. Appendix: Tiling Problems.- A.1 Introduction.- A.2 The Origin Constrained Domino Problem.- A.3 Robinson's Aperiodic Tile Set.- A.4 The Unconstrained Domino Problem.- A.5 The Periodic Problem and the Inseparability Result.- Annotated Bibliography.

Mehr anzeigen

Produktinformationen

Titel
The Classical Decision Problem
Autor
EAN
9783540423249
ISBN
978-3-540-42324-9
Format
Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber
Springer, Berlin
Genre
Mathematik
Anzahl Seiten
482
Gewicht
760g
Größe
H29mm x B236mm x T156mm
Jahr
2001
Untertitel
Englisch
Mehr anzeigen