Irish philosophers

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 33. Chapters: Robert Boyle, George Berkeley, Dermot Moran, Francis Hutcheson, John Toland, Johannes Scotus Eriugena, William Thompson, William Desmond, George Edward Hughes, A. A. Luce, George Chatterton-Hill, John Ponce, Philip Pettit, Terence Irwin, Desmond Clarke, Martin Grene, Gabriel Duffy, William Archer Butler, Kevin Mulligan, Gerard Casey, Cathal Ó Matadain. Excerpt: George Berkeley ( ; 12 March 1685 - 14 January 1753), also known as Bishop Berkeley (Bishop of Cloyne), was an Anglo-Irish philosopher whose primary achievement was the advancement of a theory he called "immaterialism" (later referred to as "subjective idealism" by others). This theory denies the existence of material substance and contends instead that familiar objects like tables and chairs are only ideas in the minds of perceivers, and as a result cannot exist without being perceived. Thus, as Berkeley famously put it, for physical objects "esse est percipi" ("to be is to be perceived"). Berkeley is also known for his critique of abstraction, which is an important premise in his argument for immaterialism. In 1709, Berkeley published his first major work, An Essay towards a New Theory of Vision, in which he discussed the limitations of human vision and advanced the theory that proper objects of sight are not material objects but light and color. This foreshadowed his chief philosophical works A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge in 1710 which, after its poor reception, he rewrote in dialogue form and published under the title Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous in 1713. In this book, Berkeley's views were represented by Philonous (Greek: 'lover of mind'), Hylas (Greek: 'matter') being an embodiment of the Irish thinker's opponents, in particular John Locke. Berkeley argued against Sir Isaac Newton's doctrine of absolute space, time and motion in De Motu (on Motion), published 1721. His arguments were a precursor to the views of Mach and Einstein. In 1732, he published Alciphron, a Christian apologetic against the free-thinkers, and in 1734, he published The Analyst, an empiricist critique of the foundations of infinitesimal calculus, which was influential in the development of mathematics. His last major philosophical work, Siris (1744), begins by advocating the medicinal use of tar water, and moves from there to a wide-ranging discussi

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Produktinformationen

Titel
Irish philosophers
Untertitel
Robert Boyle, George Berkeley, Dermot Moran, Francis Hutcheson, John Toland, Johannes Scotus Eriugena, William Thompson, William Desmond, George Edward Hughes, A. A. Luce, George Chatterton-Hill, John Ponce, Philip Pettit, Terence Irwin
Editor
EAN
9781156128527
ISBN
978-1-156-12852-7
Format
Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber
Books LLC, Reference Series
Genre
Geschichte
Anzahl Seiten
36
Gewicht
93g
Größe
H246mm x B189mm x T2mm
Jahr
2011
Untertitel
Englisch
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