Plant Breeding Reviews

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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops.


Contributors ix 1 Salvatore Ceccarelli: Plant Breeder, Mentor, and Farmers' Friend 1 Stefania Grando I. Biographical Sketch and Background 2 II. Research 6 III. The Man 17 IV. The Mentor and Inspirer 19 V. The Innovator 20 VI. The Supporter of National Programs 21 VII. The Advocate of Farmers 21 Acknowledgments 22 Literature Cited 22 Selected Publications of Salvatore Ceccarelli 25 2 Maize Cross Incompatibility and the Promiscuous Ga1-m Allele 31 Major M. Goodman, Zachary G. Jones, G. Jesus Sanchez, and Jerry L. Kermicle I. Historical Background 33 II. Ga1 (Gametophyte-Factor 1), Ga2 (Gametophyte-Factor 2), and Tcb1 (Teosinte-Crossing-Barrier 1) 34 III. Ga1-m (Gametophyte-Factor 1-Male) 35 IV. Locus Composition 35 V. Gametophytic Selective Advantage 36 VI. Silk Reactions 36 VII. Mapping Gametophytic Loci 38 VIII. Geographical Distribution of Ga1 Alleles 38 IX. Distribution of Ga1 Alleles in Commercial Materials 41 X. Teosinte and Maize 41 XI. Popcorn and Organic Isolations 43 XII. Exceptionally Strong Cross-Incompatible Sources Within Maize 44 XIII. Caution Concerning Use of Ga1-m 45 XIV. Genetic Modifiers 46 XV. Molecular Characterizations 47 XVI. Recent Conclusions 47 XVII. Practical Use of Pollen-Blockers 47 XVIII. Future Prospects 50 Acknowledgments 54 Literature Cited 54 3 Development of the Genetically Modified Innate(r) Potato 57 Craig M. Richael I. Introduction 58 II. Innate(r) Generation 1 Potato Varieties 65 III. Innate(r) Generation 2 Potato Varieties 71 IV. Future Innate(r) Potato Varieties 74 V. Conclusions 75 Literature Cited 76 4 Cucumis sativus Chromosome Evolution, Domestication, and Genetic Diversity: Implications for Cucumber Breeding 79 Yiqun Weng I. Introduction 81 II. Chromosome Evolution in the Making of Cucumber 83 III. Chromosome Evolution During Cucumber Domestication 86 IV. Diffusion of Cucumber to the World From its Center of Diversity and the Formation of Market Groups 90 V. Types of Cucumbers: Fresh Market vs Processing 92 VI. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cucumber Collection 94 VII. Genetic Basis of Domestication-Related Traits in Cucumbers 96 VIII. Chromosome Evolution, Domestication, and Genetic Diversity: Implications for Cucumber Breeding 101 Acknowledgments 104 Literature Cited 104 5 Freelance Plant Breeding 113 Carol S. Deppe I. Introduction 115 II. Evolution of a Freelance Plant Breeder 116 III. Who and Where 119 IV. How Freelancers Learn the Plant Breeding Trade 130 V. Why--Motivations and Values 136 VI. Crops 139 VII. Goals 146 VIII. Methods 151 IX. Sources of Germplasm 161 X. Economics of Freelance Plant Breeding 164 XI. Freelance Plant Breeding That Doesn't Fit Commercial Models 174 XII. Open Source Seed Initiative and Freelance Plant Breeding 176 XIII. Future Prospects 180 Acknowledgments 183 Literature Cited 183 6 Meadowfoam Breeding 187 Jennifer G. Kling I. Introduction 189 II. Botany and Taxonomy of Limnanthes 190 III. Meadowfoam Breeding Organizations 195 IV. Seed Production Requirements 197 V. Greenhouse and Field Plot Techniques 201 VI. Selection Methods 206 VII. Breeding Populations and Molecular Resources 216 VIII. Meadowfoam Seed Oil 222 IX. Biotic Constraints 225 X. Glucosinolates and Other Seed Meal Components 230 XI. Meadowfoam in Cropping Systems 234 XII. Conclusions and Future Directions 235 Acknowledgments 237 Literature Cited 237 7 Reconsidering Approaches to Selection in Winter Squash Improvement: Improved Quality and Breeding Efficiency 247 Michael Mazourek, Christopher Hernandez, and Jack Fabrizio I. Introduction 249 II. Genomic Resources for Winter Squash Improvement 251 III. Insight into Winter Squash Metabolism Related to Fruit Quality 253 IV. Winter Squash Quality Phenotyping 258 V. Squash Breeding Schemes 260 VI. Applying Genomic Selection in Cucurbita 264 VII. Conclusion 268 Acknowledgments 268 Literature Cited 269 8 Development of the Arctic(r) Apple 273 Evan Stowe and Amit Dhingra I. Introduction 274 II. Genetic Engineering of Apple 275 III. Development and Evaluation of the Arctic(r) Apple 280 Literature Cited 292 Author Index 297 Subject Index 305

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Plant Breeding Reviews
Volume 44
Fester Einband
Wiley & Sons
Anzahl Seiten
H19mm x B231mm x T166mm
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