Based on a university course, this book provides an exposition of a large spectrum of geological, geochemical and geophysical problems that are amenable to thermodynamic analysis. Many on the book's features are frequently missing in textbooks.
Intensively revised textbook with a new chapter on statistical thermodynamics and extensive new materials in many existing chapters
Includes many worked out problems and wide ranging applications to problems in Earth and Planetary SciencesAutorentext
Jibamitra Ganguly was educated in India (Calcutta University and Jadavpur University) and the University of Chicago, where he received his Ph.D. degree in Geophysical Sciences. This was followed by post-doctoral research at the Yale University and the University of California, Los Angeles, and an appointment to a faculty position at the University of Arizona, where he is currently a Professor Emeritus of Geosciences. His research, which covers a wide range of areas in the Earth and Planetary sciences, has been characterized by an effective blend of experimental, theoretical and observational studies to develop quantitative understanding of natural processes. Prof. Ganguly co-authored (with Prof. S. K. Saxena) the book Mixtures and Mineral Reactions, and edited the volume Diffusion, Atomic Ordering and Mass Transport. He is a fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America and the American Geophysical Union, and received the Alexander von Humboldt research prize for his contributions to thermodynamic and diffusion kinetic studies of natural systems.
This book presents the fundamental principles of Classical thermodynamics, supplemented by an overview of Statistical Thermodynamics, and explores their applications to a wide variety of problems in the Earth and Planetary sciences, spanning the range from the Earth's core, mantle and crust, aqueous solutions and fluid-rock interactions to solar nebula, terrestrial planets and asteroids. The topics covered include the laws of classical thermodynamics, microscopic foundations of thermodynamic properties, critical phenomena and near-critical processes, equations of state, phase transitions and phase equilibria, the Earth's interior and adiabatic processes, terrestrial magma ocean, thermodynamics of solutions, element and stable isotope fractionations, electrolyte solutions and electrochemistry, osmotic processes, surface effects, entropy production and kinetic implications, thermodynamics of chemical diffusion, estimation of thermochemical properties, and mathematical methods of classical thermodynamics. There is also a wealth of solved problems relating to both fundamental concepts and applications to natural processes.
First and Second Laws.- Thermodynamic Potentials and Derivative Properties.- Third Law and Thermochemistry.- Critical Phenomenon and Equations of States.- Phase Transitions, Melting and Reactions of Stoichiometric Phases.- Thermal Pressure, Earth's Interior and Adiabatic Processes.- Thermodynamics of Solutions.- Thermodynamic Solution Models: Non-electrolytes.- Equilibria Involving Solutions and Gaseous Mixtures.- Element Fractionation in Geological Systems.- Electrolyte Solutions and Electrochemistry.- Surface Effects.