The Second Crusade (1145-1149) was an extraordinarily bold attempt to overcome unbelievers on no less than three fronts. Crusader armies set out to defeat Muslims in the Holy Land and in Iberia as well as pagans in northeastern Europe. This book provides an understanding of the Crusades and their importance in medieval European history.
Jonathan Phillips is Professor of Crusading History, Royal Holloway, University of London. He has published extensively on the subject, including The Crusades, 1095-1197 (2002) and The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople (2004), and is a frequent contributor to BBC History and History Today.