This book starts by analyzing the inability of functional description in product design to demonstrate the necessity of involving affordance, and then reviews and compares the use of affordance in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), Artificial Intelligence (AI), design, psychology, and philosophy. A research opportunity identified from the review and comparison is to qualify the affordance-based design. Therefore, a new categorization scheme of affordances applicable for product design is proposed, including doing and happening Artifact-Artifact Affordances (dAAA and hAAA), doing and happening Artifact-Environment Affordances (dAEA and hAEA), and doing and happening Artifact-User Affordances (dAUA and hAUA). The new scheme is then validated based on the requirements of a taxonomy.
Jun Hu is currently a research and teaching assistant pursuing his PhD degree in the Department of Automotive Engineering (CUICAR) at Clemson University. He received his M.S. in Mechanical Engineering at Clemson University in 2012 and B.E in Mechanical Engineering and B.A. in English at Qingdao University of Science and Technology in 2009.