The Homotopy Index and Partial Differential Equations

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The homotopy index theory was developed by Charles Conley for two sided flows on compact spaces. The homotopy or Conley index, which provides an algebraic-topologi cal measure of an isolated invariant set, is defined to be the ho motopy type of the quotient space N /N , where is a certain 1 2 1 2 compact pair, called an index pair. Roughly speaking, N1 isolates the invariant set and N2 is the "exit ramp" of N . 1 It is shown that the index is independent of the choice of the in dex pair and is invariant under homotopic perturbations of the flow. Moreover, the homotopy index generalizes the Morse index of a nQnde generate critical point p with respect to a gradient flow on a com pact manifold. In fact if the Morse index of p is k, then the homo topy index of the invariant set {p} is Ik - the homotopy type of the pointed k-dimensional unit sphere.


The book presents an extension, due to the present author, of Conley's homotopy index theory to certain (one-sided) semiflows on general (not necessarily locally compact) metric spaces. This permits direct applications to say, parabolic partial differential equations, or functional differential equations. The presentation is self-contained. The subject of the book was previously presented by the author in a series of published papers.

I The homotopy index theory.- 1.1 Local semiflows.- 1.2 The no blow-up condition. Convergence of semiflows.- 1.3 Isolated invariant sets and isolating blocks.- 1.4 Admissibility.- 1.5 Existence of isolating blocks.- 1.6 Homotopies and inclusion induced maps.- 1.7 Index and quasi-index pairs.- 1.8 Some special maps used in the construction of the Morse index.- 1.9 The Categorial Morse index.- 1.10 The homotopy index and its basic properties.- 1.11 Linear semiflows. Irreducibility.- 1.12 Continuation of the homotopy index.- II Applications to partial differential equations.- 2.1 Sectorial operators generated by partial differential operators.- 2.2 Center manifolds and their approximation.- 2.3 The index product formula.- 2.4 A one-dimensional example.- 2.5 Asymptotically linear systems.- 2.6 Estimates at zero and nontrivial solution of elliptic equations.- 2.7 Positive heteroclinic orbits of second-order parabolic equations.- 2.8 A homotopy index continuation method and periodic solutions of second-order gradient systems.- III Selected topics.- 3.1 Repeller-attractor pairs and Morse decompositions.- 3.2 Block pairs and index triples.- 3.3 A Morse equation.- 3.4 The homotopy index and Morse theory on Hilbert manifolds.- 3.5 Continuation of the categorial Morse index along paths.- Bibliographical notes and comments.

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The Homotopy Index and Partial Differential Equations
Kartonierter Einband
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Anzahl Seiten
H244mm x B170mm x T12mm
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1987
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