The work addresses the following questions in the context of interglacial climate dynamics: (i) What are the amplitudes of natural climate variations on timescales of several years to millennia? (ii) Do abrupt changes in the large-scale circulation of the Atlantic Ocean occur in interglacials? (iii) Which biogeochemical feedback mechanisms control the natural limits of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and aerosols? (iv) Which linkages exist between climate and pre-industrial cultures?
The work is based on an integrated approach in paleoclimate research, in which all available paleoclimate archives (terrestrial and marine as well as ice cores) are combined in order to yield a comprehensive and quantitative analysis of global environmental variations. Moreover, through a close linkage be-tween paleoclimate reconstructions and results from Earth-system models detailed insights into the dynamics of climate variations are gained.Autorentext
Michael Schulz wurde 1984 in der Diözese Mainz zum Priester geweiht und ist seit 1994 Assistent am Lehrstuhl für Dogmatik der Katholisch-Theologischen Fakultät der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Neben seiner wissenschaftlichen Arbeit, bei der sich der Autor auch mit Karl Rahner auseinandersetzte, ist Schulz nebenamtlich Seelsorger einer Münchner Pfarrei.Inhalt
Introduction.- Comparison of climate and carbon cycle dynamics during late Quaternary interglacials using a spectrum of climate system models, ice-core and terrestrial archives (COIN).- Climate Sensitivity during and between Interglacials (ClimSens).- What ends an Interglacial? Feedbacks between tropical rainfall, Atlantic climate and ice sheets during the Last Interglacial (EndLIG).- Evaluation of Eemian and Holocene Climate Variability: Synthesis of marine archives with climate modelling (HolEem).- Holocene variability in the Arctic gateway (HOVAG).- Detecting Holocene changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Integration of Proxy Data and Climate Simulations (DAMOCLES).- Spatial variations of the phaseshift between ocean surface warming, evaporation and changes of continental ice volume at terminations I and II (POET).- LOOP Current variability - its relation to meridional overturning circulation and the impact of Mississippi discharge.- Hydroclimatic variability in the Panama Bight region during Termination 1 and the Holocene (HydroPath).- Control of seasonality and interannual to centennial climate in the Caribbean during the Holocene - Combining coral records, stalagmite records and climate models (CaribClim).- The Southern Westerlies during the Holocene: Paleoenvironmental reconstructions from Chilean lake, fjord, and marine sediments combined with climate modelling (HOLOPARC).- Mineral dust variability in the Southern Ocean (MISO).- Model-Data synthesis of Monsoon amplitudes for the Holocene and Eemian (MoDaMon).- Vegetation, climate, man - Holocene variability in monsoonal Central Asia (VegCliMa).- Global Land Use and technological Evolution Simulations to Quantify Interactions between preindustrial Cultures and Climate (GLUES).- A new hydrogen-isotope approach to understand North African monsoon changes in the Holocene (Hydracene).- Holocene climate dynamics and biogeochemical cycles in the Mediterranean Sea (HOBIMED).- Dynamics of Mid-latitude/Mediterranean climate during the last 150 ka: Black Sea /Northern Anatolian Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions (DynNAP).- Variation of precipitation and flood dynamics in Central Europe during the Holocene on the basis of dendrochronological and documentary data (HoloFlood).- Precipitation in the Past Millennium in Europe (PRIME).