Navigational Enterprises in Europe and its Empires, 1730-1850

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This book explores the development of navigation in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It examines the role of men of science, seamen and practitioners across Europe, and the realities of navigational practice, showing that old and new methods were complementary not exclusive, their use dependent on many competing factors.

The well-written introduction by Rebekah Higgitt and Richard Dunn provides a good overview, and even readers who are not specialists will profit from studying the contents of this important contribution. It opens up many highly interesting research perspectives and can be recommended wholeheartedly. (Günther Oestmann, ISIS, Vol. 108 (4), December, 2017)

The editors declare an aim of giving depth to the British story by describing analogous activity in other European countries and the transnational linkages that facilitated progress in the theory and practice of navigation. This volume must find a place in university libraries. It is essential reading for any serious student of the development of marine navigation. (M. K. Barritt, The Mariner's Mirror, Vol. 102 (2), April, 2016)

This collection of essays deals with the development and introduction of methods for finding longitude at sea between 1730 and 1850, mainly by non-British nations. Approaching the issue from a non-British perspective considerably broad-ensour understanding and is no doubt the book's strongest point. this volume deserves a place in the bookcase of everyone interested in or studying the history of navigation and astronomy. (W. F. J. Mörzer Bruyns, The Northern Mariner, Vol. 26 (1), March, 2016)

It has achieved a set of original perspectives on the Board and its work, that were not accessible from the internal study, as well as a rich series of accounts that are valuable in their own right. Taken together, these papers form an excellent book, which demonstrates that the study of navigation in the period, and perhaps particularly of the longitude problem, has resumed its serious engagement with historical work. (Jim Bennett, The International Journal of Maritime History, Vol. 28 (4), 2016)

Richard Dunn is Senior Curator of the History of Science at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, UK, where he has worked since 2004.
Rebekah Higgitt is Lecturer in History of Science at the University of Kent, UK, and formerly Curator of History of Science at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich.
Dunn and Higgitt are co-authors of Finding Longitude: How Clocks and Stars Helped Solve the Longitude Problem (2014).


1. Introduction; Rebekah Higgitt and Richard Dunn
2. A Southern Meridian: Astronomical Undertakings in the Eighteenth-Century Spanish Empire; Juan Pimentel
3. The Longitude Committee and the Practice of Navigation in the Netherlands, c.1750-1850; Karel Davids
4. From Lacaille to Lalande: French Work on Lunar Distances, Nautical Ephemerides and Lunar Tables, 1742-85; Guy Boistel
5. The Bureau des Longitudes: An Institutional Study; Martina Schiavon
6. Patriotic and Cosmopolitan Patchworks: Following a Swedish Astronomer into London's Communities of Maritime Longitude, 1759-60; Jacob Orrje
7. 'Perfectly Correct': Russian Navigators and the Royal Navy; Simon Werrett
8. A Different Kind of Longitude: The Metrology and Conventions of Location by Geodesy; Michael Kershaw
9. Testing Longitude Methods in Mid-Eighteenth Century France; Danielle M. E. Fauque
10. Navigating the Pacific from Bougainville to Dumont d'Urville: French Approaches to Determining Longitude, 1766-1840; John Gascoigne
11. Navigation and Mathematics: A Match Made in the Heavens?; Jane Wess
12 . Longitude Networks on Land and Sea: The East India Company and Longitude Measurement 'in the Wild', 1770-1840; David Philip Miller

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Navigational Enterprises in Europe and its Empires, 1730-1850
Fester Einband
Springer Palgrave Macmillan
Anzahl Seiten
H20mm x B223mm x T151mm
1st ed. 2016
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