This work examines the attempt by the governments of Portugal, Rhodesia and South Africa to defy the drive for African independence in the 1960s and 70s, and the international community's response. From 1961 to 1974, Portugal, Rhodesia and South Africa collaborated in the attempt to preserve white minority rule in their respective territories. Hard-pressed by African nationalists, recently decolonized states, and many of the world's Great Powers, they supported each other economically, politically and militarily, turning southern Africa into a major diplomatic concern which defied Cold War logic. This book examines how this collaboration came about and how the international community responded to it, paying close attention to the evolving situation in each country. The Portuguese Revolution of April 1974 undid this 'white redoubt', and the diplomatic policy subsequently adopted by apartheid South Africa détente led it to sacrifice Rhodesia in return for the illusion of permanent safety. A true work of transnational history, this book is based on the archival material of eight different countries, yet it serves as well as an introduction to the politics of southern Africa during the late colonial era.
Reviews archival material of eight different countries concerning the history of apartheid South Africa
Explores the history of apartheid in three countries: Portugal, Rhodesia and South Africa
Demonstrates the political, economic, and military support of apartheid South Africa from other nations from the period of 1961 to 1974
Filipe Ribeiro de Meneses is Professor of History at Maynooth University, Ireland. He is the author, among other works, of Portugal 1914-1926: From the First World War to Military Dictatorship (2004), Salazar: A Political Biography (2009) and Afonso Costa: Portugal (2010).
Robert McNamara is Senior Lecturer in History at the University of Ulster, UK. He is the author of Britain, Nasser and the Balance of Power in the Middle East (2003), The Hashemites: The Dream of Arabia, and as editor, The Churchills in Ireland (2010).
Chapter 1. Introduction.- PART I. Whites States of Emergency.- Chapter 2. Defying the Wind of Change.- Chapter 3. Rhodesia: Rise of the Rebel State.- Chapter 4. Portuguese Africa: Rebellion and Resilience.- PART II The Rise and Fall of an Unholy Alliance.- Chapter 5. Building the White Redoubt.- Chapter 6. Brothers-in-Arms: ALCORA in Action.- Chapter 7. First to Fall: Portugal from Coup to Revolution.- PART III Towards a Constellation of One.- Chapter 8. Decolonization and Détente in Southern Africa: Mozambique and Rhodesia, 1974-1975.- Chapter 9. Debacle and Détente Redux: South Africa in Angola and Rhodesia, 1975-1977.- Chapter 10. P.W. Botha, Total Strategy, and the life and death of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia.- Chapter 11. Conclusion.