This book presents the latest advances in ultrafast science, including both ultrafast optics technology and the study of ultrafast phenomena. It covers picosecond, femtosecond, and attosecond processes relevant to physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering applications. Ultrafast technology has a profound impact in a wide range of applications, among them biomedical imaging, chemical dynamics, frequency standards, materials processing, and ultrahigh-speed communications. This book summarizes the results presented at the 13th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena and provides an up-to-date view of this important and rapidly advancing field.
This book summarizes the results presented at the 13th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena and provides an up-to-date view of this important and rapidly advancing field.Inhalt
I: Phase Stabilization.- Attosecond Pulse Generation from High Harmonics and Polarization Gating.- Methods for Complete Characterization of Single Attosecond Pulses.- Strong-field Photoionization in the Few-optical-cycle Regime: The Role of the Absolute Phase.- Ultrafast EUV Lithography.- Distortion-Free Guiding of 0.2 × 1018 W/cm2 Femtosecond Pulses through a Fully-ionized 1.5 cm He Plasma Channel.- Observation of Townes-Soliton Formation.- Probing Wave Packet Motion of D2+ with Sub Femtosecond Resolution.- Evolution of Pulse Shapes During Compressor Scans in a CPA System and Control of Electron Acceleration in Plasmas.- II: Short Wavelength Science.- Femtosecond X-ray Diffraction Measurement of a SolidSolid Phase Transition in VO2.- Time-resolved X-ray Diffraction Study of Ultrafast Structural Dynamics in Laser-excited Solids.- Properties of Liquid Silicon and Carbon Studied by Ultrafast Time-resolved X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy.- Kinetics of Cluster Formation During Femtosecond Laser Ablation.- Femtosecond Si-K? Pulses from Laser Produced Plasmas.- Ultrafast X-ray Radiation from Intense Femtosecond Laser Systems.- EUV Photonics: Quasi-phasematching at Short Wavelengths.- Determination of HHG Spectrum by Measuring the Mutual Coherence.- Adaptive Optimization of High Order Harmonic Generation in a Free Propagation Geometry.- Few-optical-cycle Regime for the High-order Harmonic Generation: Enhanced Conversion and Brightness.- Coherent Femtosecond X-ray Raman Spectroscopy of Molecules.- Fully Spatially Coherent EUV Source.- III: Control and Dynamics.- Time-resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy: Charge & Energy Flow in Molecules.- Molecular Quantum Computing: Implementation of Global Quantum Gates Applying Optimal Control Theory.- Control of Photoinduced Processes by Optimally Shaped Laser Pulses in MnCp(CO)3: Recovering the Information Content Coded in the Optimal Pulse Form.- Controlling the Dephasing of Vibrational Wavepackets in Potassium Dimers.- Ultrafast Two-Photon Free Induction Decay.- Time-resolved Coincidence Imaging of the Dissociative Ionization in CF3I.- Making and Measuring Vibrational Wave Packets in Small Molecules through Non-resonant Impulsive Stimulated Raman Scattering.- Breaking Bonds with Mid-IR Pulses: Femtosecond Photolysis of Gas-phase Metal Carbonyls.- Femtosecond Four-wave Mixing for Molecule Based Computation.- Preparation of Oriented Molecules for Ultrafast Spectroscopic Studies.- 3/2 Harmonic Generation by Femtosecond Laser Pulses on Solid Targets.- Fast Electron and Ion Emission from Metal Targets in Intense Femtosecond Laser Fields.- Reaction Dynamics of Hydrogen Bonded Aniline-Ammonia Clusters in Intense Laser Fields by Tandem Mass Spectroscopy.- Indole (NH3)n Clusters: Hydrogen Atom Transfer Initiated by Femtosecond Laser Pulses.- Theoretical Models Predicting the Outcome of Raman Type Control Experiments.- IV: Ultrafast Sources and Phase Stabilization.- Generation and Characterization of Few-cycle Mid-infrared Pulses from 2800 to 4600 nm.- 1-GHz Repetition-rate Femtosecond Optical Parametric Oscillator.- Hybrid Chirped Pulse Amplification.- High Average System Power, 10kHz, Ultrafast Laser.- Continuum Generation in a Prism-less Ti:sapphire Laser.- Octave Spanning Femtosecond Laser at GHz Repetition Rates.- Compact Ultrashort Hard-X-ray Source Driven by High-repetition Rate Femtosecond Laser Pulses.- Synchronously Pumped Optical Parametric Oscillators with Anomalous Wavelength Tuning Behaviour.- Optical Modulator for Passive Synchronization and Active Modelocking of Lasers.- Generation of Sub-10-fs Pulses from a Mode-locked Cr3+:LiCAF Laser.- One Step Mid-infrared Generation from a Dual-wavelength Ti:sapphire System and its Multi-pass Amplifier.- Convenient Tunability of Sub-10 fs Pulses in the Visible Range.- High-energy Femtosecond Stretched-pulse Fiber Laser with a Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror.- Passively Mode-Locked, Self-Frequency Doubled, Diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 Laser.- High-order Self-dispersion-Compensation in a Ti:sapphire Laser Oscillator.- IR Linac Driven by a High-intensity TM01 Diffraction-limited Laser Beam.- Efficient Frequency Conversion From a Novel QPM Semiconductor Waveguide Crystal.- Atomic Clocks of the Future: Using the Ultrafast and Ultrastable.- Carrier-envelope Offset Dynamics and Stabilization of Femtosecond Lasers.- Long Term (>300 seconds) Carrier-envelope Phase Coherence of a Train of Ultrashort Pulses.- All-Optical Self-Stabilization of Carrier-Envelope Phase Offset in Few-cycle Pulses by Optical Parametric Amplifiers.- Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Microscopy with Near-infrared ps Pulses Synchronized within 20 fs.- Detection of Carrier-envelope Phase Shift in Picosecond Lasers.- V: Compression, Shaping and Characterization.- Cross-correlation Frequency-resolved Optical Gating Measurements of Ultrabroadband Continuum from Microstructure Optical Fiber.- Complete Spatio-Temporal Characterization of Ultrashort Optical Pulses Using Two-dimensional Shearing Interferometry.- Self-Compression of Ultrafast Optical Pulses using Molecular Phase Modulation.- Infrared Pulse Shaping by Parametric Amplification.- Mm-wave Arbitrary Waveform Generation Using a Direct Space-to-Time Optical Pulse Shaper.- Time-to-Space Conversion of Ultrafast Optical Pulses via Spectral Nonlinear Optics in the Communications Band.- A Simple Theory of the Acousto-optic Programmable Dispersive Filter Used for Femtosecond Laser Pulse Shaping.- Automated Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Pulse Shaping and Phased-Array THz Generation.- Jitter of 3-cycle Laser Pulses from a Gas-filled Capillary Single Shot SPIDER Pulse Characterization at 1kHz.- Time-domain Interferometry for Direct Electric-field Reconstruction by Use of an Acoustic-Optic Programmable Dispersive Filter.- Amplitude and Phase Measurements of Femtosecond Pulses Shaped Using Spectral Hole Burning in Free-base Naphthalocyanine-doped Films.- Polarizations of Raman Sidebands Generated in Impulsively Stimulated Rotational Raman Scattering.- Nonlinear Effects in Microstructured Fibers.- Adaptive Pulse Shaping of Amplified Femtosecond Pulse Laser in Phase and Amplitude by Directly Referring to Frequency Resolved Optical Gating Traces.- Joint Quantum Measurement Using Fourier-transform Spectral Interferometry.- Experimental and Theoretical Supercontinuum Generation in a Photonic Crystal Fiber by Use of a Few-cycle Optical Pulse Nonlinear Propagation.- Photonic Wavepacket in Whispering-Gallery Modes.- Pulse Dynamics in Polarization-maintaining Photonic Crystal Fibers.- Generation of Ultrashort-Pulse Nondiffracting Beams and X-Waves with Thin-Film Axicons.- VI: THz Generation and Applications.- Low-Density Optical PumpTHz Probe Analysis of High-temperature Superconductors.- Terahertz Wave Generation from Multi-Quantum Well with Transverse Electric Field.- Inversionless Amplification of Coherent THz Radiation.- Transient Conductivity in Single-Crystal AI2O3 Probed by THz Time-Domain Spectroscopy.- T-ray Diffraction Tomography.- Generation of Tunable THz Radiation by Femtosecond Tilted-pulse-front Excitation.- Theory of THz-generation via Optical Rectification of fs-Pulses in Periodically Poled Nonlinear Materials.- THz Generation by Third-order Non-linearities in Air and Air Plasmas.- THz Emission Characteristics of Dipole Antennas Fabricated on Multienergy Arsenic-Ion-implanted GaAs and Semi-insulating GaAs.- All-Optoelectronic CW THz Imaging for Tumor Recognition.- Time-domain Differentiation of Terahertz Signals.- Spectral Amplitude and Phase Changes in Diffraction of Terahertz Pulses.- Resonant-cavity Magnetic-field Probe for mm-Wave Frequency-domain Spatial Field Mapping.- Investigation of a THz Fresnel Lens.- Electro-optic Detection of Sub-wavelength THz Spot Sizes in the Near-field of a Metal Tip.- Size Dependent Photoconductivity in CdSe Nanoparticles as Measured by Time-resolved THz Spectroscopy.- Integrated THz Technologies for Femtomol Sensitivity Label-free Detection of DNA.- VII: Dynamics at Interfaces and Solids.- Ultrafast Electron Transfer and Solvation Dynamics in Ice Layers on Cu(111).- The Size of a Localized Electron at a Metal/Adsorbate Interface.- Hot-Electron-Driven Charge Transfer Processes on Surfaces.- Photoinduced Electron Transfer in Dye/Semiconductor Systems on a Sub-10-fs Time Scale.- Carrier Relaxation Dynamics in Heavy Fermion Compounds.- Ultrafast Electron Optics: Propagation Dynamics and Measurement of Femtosecond Electron Packets.- Ultrafast Interfacial Electron Transfer from Conjugated Polymers to Inorganic Semiconductor Nanoparticles.- Electronic Coupling and Coherence Effects in Ultrafast Heterogeneous Electron Transfer.- Photoconductivity of Dye-sensitized Titanium Dioxide Films Measured by Time-resolved THz Spectroscopy (TRTS).- Nonlinear Optical Probes of Vibrational Motion at Interfaces.- Ultrafast Dynamics of Recombinative Desorption of Hydrogen from a Ru(001) Surface.- Chirp-controlled Ground-state Photodissociation of Cr(CO)6.- VIII: Coherent Effects in Semi- and Superconductors.- Ultrafast Coherent Spectroscopy of a Single Quantum Dot.- Ultrafast Polarization Dynamics Induced by the Virtual Excitation of Spin-polarized Carriers in Semiconductors.- The Hall Current of Coherent Electron Wavepackets.- Ultrafast Coherent Electron Transport in Quantum Cascade Structures.- Role of the Absolute Optical Phase in Carrier-wave Rabi Flopping with Two-cycle Pulses.- Femtosecond Optically Induced Rectification, Shift and Injection Currents in GaAs.- Watching Bare Charges Get Dressed in an Ultrabroadband THz Experiment.- Observation of a Hysteretic Pseudogap Behavior via Coherent Phonons in High Temperature Superconductors.- Coulomb Correlations, Spectral Line Shapes, and Size Distributions of CdSe Nanocrystals.- Biexcitonic Effects in Coherently Controlled Six-wave-mixing Experiments.- Ultrafast Investigation of Exciton Dissociation Processes in Polymeric Semiconductors at High Pump Fluence.- Phase-Dependent Ultrafast Carrier and Lattice Relaxation: Amorphous, Crystalline, and Nanocrystalline Silicon.- Photo-Excitation of Coherent Acoustic Phonons in InSb.- Ultrafast Dynamics of Coherent Anharmonic Phonons in Bismuth.- Far-infrared Carrier Dynamics in Superconducting MgB2.- Population Dynamics in Quantum Structures.- Quantum Interference between Real and Virtual Excitations.- Coherent Spin-lattice Interaction in a Ferromagnetic Metallic Film.- Direct Visualization of the Gouy Phase Shift.- IX: Reaction and Solvation Dynamics in Liquids.- Exploring Sub-picosecond Dynamics in the Far-infrared with THz Spectroscopy.- THz Emission from Charge-Transfer Reactions in Molecules Aligned in Solutions and Crystals.- Directly Measuring the Coupling of Solvent Intermolecular Modes in Solvation.- Low-frequency, Condensed Phase Solvation Dynamics Using a Novel Two-dimensional, Resonant-pump, Third-order Raman-probe Technique in the Time Domain.- Optical Heterodyne Detected Transient Grating (OHD-TG) Studies on the Reactive and Non-reactive Resonant Systems.- Polar and Non-polar Solvation in the Femtosecond Evolution of 2D Fourier Transform Spectra.- Photodissociation of ICN in Polar Solvents: Evidence of Long Lived Rotational Excitation in Real Liquids.- Dynamics of Water in Ionic Solvation Shells.- Non-Equilibrium Charge Recombination Dynamics of Excited DonorAcceptor Complexes.- Femtosecond Fluorescence Lifetimes Determined by an Intrinsic Raman Gate.- How Fast is the Ultrafast Electron Transfer in Solute-Solvent Systems?.- Photoisomerization of Small Molecules in Solution: Studies of ICN(aq) and NO3-(aq).- Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in a Transition Metal Complex.- Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Studies of Halooxide Photoisomerization Kinetics.- Femtosecond Fluorescence Studies of Two-Dimensional Dynamics of Bridged and Unbridged Michler's Ketones.- Ultrafast PumpProbe and Resonance Raman Spectroscopic Study of Excited State Electronic Coupling in Two Related Hexanuclear Charge Transfer Compounds.- Ring Opening Reaction Dynamics of a Photochromic Diarylethene Derivative.- Solvent Control of Electron Transfer Dynamics.- Reexamining CTTS Dynamics of Na- Probing the Excited State and Electron Using Multipulse PumpProbe.- Ultrafast Site-specific Mid-infrared Spectroscopy of Excited-state Intramolecular Proton Transfer.- Ultrafast Relaxation Dynamics of the Solvated Electron in Liquid Ammonia.- Mechanisms for Photodetachment in Water.- X: Control and Dynamics of Condensed Phase Processes.- Feedback Control of Photosynthetic Light Harvesting.- Adaptive Femtosecond Quantum Control in the Liquid Phase.- Real-time Dynamics of a Breather in Trans-polyacetylene Revealed by 4.7- fs Visible Pulses.- Control of an Electron Transfer Reaction Using a Sequence of Femtosecond Laser Pulses.- Watching and Controlling Intramolecular Energy Flow in Solution: Effects of Selective Vibrational Excitation and Chemical Substitution.- Ultrafast Dynamics of Molecular Wires Based on Multiporphyrin Linear Arrays.- Femtosecond Energy Concentration in Nanosystems Coherently Controlled by Excitation Phase.- Ultrafast Laser-induced Structural Changes in Anisotropic Solids.- Induced Optical Tunnelling.- Wavepacket Interferometry for Energy Transfer: Ultrafast 2D Electronic Spectroscopy.- Liquid/Glass Solvent Dynamics: from 300 to 3 K.- Ultrafast Dephasing of Photoexcited Polarons in Primary Doped Polyaniline.- Ultrafast Thermalization Dynamics of Water Nanodroplets by Infrared PumpProbe Spectroscopy.- Spectroscopy of Macrocyclic Poly (9,9-dimethyl-2- vinylfluorene) as an Artificial Light Harvester.- Control of Ground State Dynamics in Polymers with Shaped Pulses.- The Role of Nanoaggregate Domains in the Exciton Dynamics of Poly(p-phenylene vinylene).- Electronic Excitation Oscillations in PPVFemtosecond Luminescence Interferometry.- Vibrational Energy Relaxation in H2O.- Two-Color Three Pulse Photon Echo Peak Shift Spectroscopy.- Probing Solvation Dynamics at Aqueous Lipid-Membrane Interfaces with 3-Pulse Photon-echo Peak-shifts.- Charge Carrier Recombination in Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (PFO) Studied by Electric Field-assisted Femtosecond Spectroscopy.- Coherent Control over Collective Polariton Excitations: The Dawn of Polaritonics.- Coherent Valence Fluctuation in Photo-induced Neutral-ionic Transition of a One-dimensional Charge Transfer Complex.- XI: Multidimensional Spectroscopy and Dynamics.- Diffractive Optics Based Heterodyne Detected Six-wave Mixing: Dutch Cross Fifth-order Raman.- Heterodyne Detected Fifth-order Nonresonant Raman Spectroscopy of CS2: Evidence for Anharmonic Coupling.- Femtosecond 2D Fourier Transform Study of Electronic Reorientation in Silicon Naphthalocyanine.- Direct Measurement of Vibrational Relaxation and Dephasing of Molecules by Spectrally Resolved Two-Colour Three-Pulse Photon Echoes.- Correlated Line Broadening in Three Pulse Multidimensional Spectroscopy of Coupled Vibrations.- Two Dimensional Analysis of Integrated Three Pulse Photon Echo.- Diffractive Optics-based Heterodyne Detected Three-pulse Photon Echo.- Structural Dynamics in Water Probed by Heterodyne-Detected Photon Echo.- A Mid-infrared Photon Echo Study of Liquid Water.- Two-dimensional Visible-infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy.- Coherent Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.- Femtosecond Study of Vibrational Self-Trapping in Crystalline Acetanilide.- Correlated Vibrational Dynamics in Solution Studied by Two-dimensional Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.- Local Structure and Dynamics of Liquid Acetone by Heterodyned 2D IR Spectroscopy.- XII: Ultrafast Dynamics in Biology.- Dynamics of Peptide Structures by Multiple Pulse 2D IR Spectroscopy.- Watching a Protein as it Functions: Real-time Observations Using Picosecond Crystallography.- Primary Processes of Ligand Dissociation in Heme Proteins.- CARS Microscopy: 3D Vibrational Imaging of Proteins, DNA, and Lipids in Living Cells.- Ultrafast Elementary Events in the Excited State of Wild-type Green-Fluorescent Protein.- Real-time Observation of Conformational Dynamics in Peptide Folding.- Multidimensional Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Conformational Relaxation in Azobenzene Peptide.- Coherent Vibrational Dynamics of Green Fluorescent Proteins and Blue Copper Proteins.- Vibrational Dynamics, Mode Coupling and Structure of Acetylproline and Other Dipeptides.- Energy Relaxation of Carotenoids in Solution and in LH2 Complexes Studied with Sub-10-fs Temporal Resolution.- Early Events in Ligand Dissociation Dynamics in Myoglobin: An Infrared Study.- Transition States in Bacteriorhodopsin during Retinal Isomerization Observed by Sub-5-fs Pulses.- Investigating Excited State Dynamics in Bacteriorhodopsin by Impulsive Stimulated Emission Pumping.- Vibrational Dynamics upon Photoexcitation of Native Bacteriorhodopsin (bR) and of the All-trans- locked bR5.12.- Coherent Oscillations in Photoisomerization Reaction Dynamics of Photoactive Yellow Protein (PYP) and Related Systems.- Protein Dynamics of Bacteriorhodopsin Probed by Photon Echo and Transient Absorption Spectroscopy.- Two-Photon Standing Wave Patterned Photobleaching to Probe DNA Dynamics in Live Cells.- XIII: Applications of Ultrashort Pulses.- Ultrahigh-Resolution Distance Meter Using a Frequency Comb of a Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser.- Ultrahigh Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography Using Novel Femtosecond Lasers.- Functional Device Fabrication by Nonlinear Material Processing of Glass with a Femtosecond Laser Oscillator.- Nanostructuring of Transparent Materials with Femtosecond Laser Pulses.- Demonstration of the High Temporal and Spatial Resolution in Junction-mixing Ultrafast Scanning Tunneling Microscopy.- Gouy Phase Shift of Single-cycle Picosecond Acoustic Pulses.- Ultrashort-pulse-laser Ablation of Metals: Significant Changes in Ablation Rates with Depth.- Sub-Micrometer Pulsetrain Machining of Diamond-like Amorphous Carbon Films with Femtosecond Pulses of a Ti:sapphire Laser Oscillator.- Two-Photon Polymerization of Photosensitive Resins with Femtosecond Pulses and Fabrication of Microoptical Devices and Photonic Structures.- Widely Tunable Femtosecond Pulses from a Tapered Fiber for Ultrafast Microscopy and Multiphoton Applications.- Femtosecond PumpProbe Spectroscopy Using a Two-dimensional Smart Pixel Detector Array.- The Control of Optical Damage Threshold by the Chirp of Ultraviolet Femtosecond Pulses.- Index of Contributors.