This volume is a collection of papers presented at the Fifteenth International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena held at the Asilomar Conference Grounds, Pacifc Grove, CA, USA, from July 31 August 4, 2006. The Ultrafast P- nomena conferences are held every two years and provide a forum for disc- sion of the latest results in ultrafast optics and their applications in science and engineering. These meetings bring together researchers spanning several felds of science and engineering to discuss and debate the latest advances in ult- fast science. This unique forum provides a conduit for the greater dissemi- tion of the latest advances using ultrashort coherent pulses of light. More than 280 papers were presented. Signifcant progress in creating ever shorter pulses of light was reported in the attosecond range, with new applications in high harmonic generation and frequency comb metrology. Multidimensional sp- troscopy is rapidly evolving to provide new insights into quantum coherence and interactions in complex systems. Improvements in time resolved electron and x-ray diffraction provide better atomic scale perspectives on structural dynamics. These examples are but a small subset of the collected works ga- ered in this volume, which provides a valuable synopsis of the recent advances and impact of ultrafast technology in illuminating fundamental processes in physics, chemistry, and biology. There were 323 attendees at the meeting, more than one third of which were graduate and postdoctoral students. Increased s- dent attendance energized the proceedings.
Ultrafast technology has a profound impact in a wide range of applications, among them biomedical imaging, chemical dynamics, frequency standards, materials processing, and ultrahigh-speed communications. This book summarizes the results presented at the 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena and provides an up-to-date view of this important and rapidly advancing field. It presents the latest advances in ultrafast science, including both ultrafast optical technology and the study of ultrafast phenomena. It covers picosecond, femtosecond, and attosecond processes relevant to applications in physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.Klappentext
Ultrafast Phenomena XV presents the latest advances in ultrafast science, including both ultrafast optical technology and the study of ultrafast phenomena. It covers picosecond, femtosecond, and attosecond processes relevant to applications in physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. Ultrafast technology has a profound impact in a wide range of applications, among them biomedical imaging, chemical dynamics, frequency standards, materials processing, and ultrahigh-speed communications. This book summarizes the results presented at the 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena and provides an up-to-date view of this important and rapidly advancing field.Inhalt
Attoseconds and High Harmonics.- Sub 100 attosecond XUV pulses.- Quasi phase matching of high harmonic generation in waveguides using counter-propagating beams.- Observation of Intra-molecular Vibrational Dynamics using High-Harmonic Generation as a Probe.- Ultrafast Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy in Si with 20fs Resolution Using HH Radiation.- Enhanced High Harmonic Generation from Ions using a Capillary Discharge.- Tunable isolated attosecond pulses.- Measurement and control of attosecond pulse formation.- Continuum Harmonic Radiation in the Extreme Ultraviolet Region Using Synthesized Sub-10-fs Two-Color Field.- Basis for ultrafast imaging of molecular orbitals with high-order harmonic generation.- Adaptive Spatial Control of High-Harmonic Generation.- A proposed tabletop atto-second pulse coherent X-ray source.- Attosecond pulse production and orbital tomography with orthogonally polarized two-color few-cycle pulses.- Isolated EUV Pulses via CEP-insensitive Nonlinear Stabilization in a Waveguide.- Ultrafast Extreme Ultraviolet Holography: Dynamic Monitoring of Surface Deformation.- Femtosecond VUV Photon Pulses for Time-resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy.- Laser-Assisted Photoelectric Effect on Pt(111).- Is high harmonic generation a single-active-electron process?.- Multi-Cycle Driven Isolated Attosecond Pulse Generation.- Generation and High-Power Propagation.- Generation of 2 Terawatt Sub-8 fs Laser Pulses using Optical Parametric Chirped Pulse Amplification.- Holographic Snapshots of Laser Wakefields.- Phase-Mask Control and Stabilization of Optical Filamentation.- Development of a Multi-Terawatt Ultrabroadband Optical Parametric Chirped Pulse Amplifier.- High energy self-phase-stabilized pulses by difference frequency generation and optical parametric amplification.- 5.1 fs pulses by filamentation future prospective of self-compression to one optical cycle.- Interfering Lasing Filaments in Dense Absorbing Media.- Non-relativistic Magnetic Continuum Generation.- Mode-locked ytterbium fiber laser with dispersion compensation by a fiber taper.- Soliton-effect pulse compression of supercontinuum in photonic nanowires.- eXtreme Chirped Pulse Amplification using Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers.- Direct Comparison of the Hollow-core Fiber and Filamentation Techniques for Few-cycle Pulse Generation.- Grism based stretcher/compressor system for amplified, femtosecond kilohertz lasers.- High Power Femtosecond IR Laser Source based on Noncollinear Optical Parametric Chirped Pulse Amplification.- Generation of high-fidelity sub-10-fs milIijoule pulses through filamentation for relativistic laser-matter experiments at 1 kHz.- MHz-rate white light generation using a novel positive-dispersion cavity-dumped Ti: sapphire laser.- High Spectral Irradiance White-Light Continuum Z-scan.- Generation of 460nm femtosecond laser by sum frequency synchronized picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser and femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser.- Generation of Sub-3-fs Optical Pulses Using Induced Phase Modulation in an Ar-Gas-Filled Hollow Fiber.- Multi-wavelength Erbium-doped Fiber Lasers on the Assistance of High-nonlinear Photonic-crystal Fibers.- Combs.- Femtosecond enhancement cavity direct frequency comb spectroscopy and coherent extreme nonlinear optics.- Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping of a Mode-Locked Laser and a Phase Modulated CW Laser.- Mapping of the Optical Frequency Comb to the Atom Velocity Comb.- Demonstration of Frequency Comb Laser Spectroscopy in the Vacuum-Ultraviolet.- Determination of the CEO Phase ionization of He with Circularly polarized 5.5-fs Pulses.- Direct distinction between phase shift and time delay with carrier-envelope phase-controlled pulses.- Spectral Dependence of Phase Noise of Stabilized Optical Frequency Combs.- Ultrafast Optics.- Shaped UV Pulses with 20 fs Substructures.- Direct UV-AOPDF ultrafast laser pulse shaping.- Acousto-optic shaping of femtosecond pulses directly in the mid-IR.- Measurement of the Complete Electric Field of an Ultrashort Laser Pulse from a Single-Exposure Digital Hologram.- Ultrasensitive Second-Harmonic Generation Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating Using a Fiber-Pigtailed Aperiodically Poled Lithium Niobate Waveguide at 1.55 µ m.- Two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry for few-cycle pulse characterization and optimization.- Chirped mirrors without dispersion oscillations by Brewster's angle incidence.- Pulse Polarization Splitting with Propagation through an Ultrafast Transient Waveplate.- Design and Fabrication of Efficient Reflection Grisms for Pulse Compression and Dispersion Compensation.- A Novel Fast-mixing Microfluidic Device for Studying Nonequilibrium Systems using Femtosecond Spectroscopies.- 20-fps motion capture of phase-controlled wave-packets for adaptive quantum control.- Detection of Ultrafast Infrared Electric Fields by Chirped-Pulse Upconversion.- Enhancement of two-photon excited fluorescence by sub-micron photonic jets.- Spatiotemporal femtosecond pulse shaping using a MEMS-based micromirror SLM.- Secure Communications over a Public Network using Ultrafast Optical Technology.- Amplitude and Phase Shaping of Ultra-broad-bandwidth Femtosecond Laser Pulses.- Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy analysis of Bacteria: What Femtosecond Lasers Make Possible.- Spatially Resolved Spectral Interferometry.- Measurement of pressure dependent dispersion of femtosecond pulses in air down to 0.01 mbar.- Gradient- and vortex-shaped fs pulses in air.- The General Theory of the First-Order Spatio-Temporal Couplings of Gaussian Pulses and Beams.- Coherent control of two photon fluorescence with a high-resolution spectral phase shaper.- Control of Third-Order Dispersion of Ultrashort Laser Pulses.- Ultrasimple extremely broadband transient-grating frequency-resolved-optical-gating device.- Phase-sensitive resonance in scattering of continuous waves on femtosecond solitons in photonic crystal fibers.- Distortion of ultrashort pulses caused by aberrations.- All-Fiber Temporal Differentiator for Sub-picosecond Optical Waveforms.- Quantum Control of Two-Photon Fluorescence in Solution.- Chemistry.- Ultrafast spectroscopy of single molecules.- Observation of Raman-Induced Nuclear Wavepacket Motion in S1 cis-Stilbene: Adiabatic Change of a Potential Curvature and Anharmonicity of Multidimensional Potential.- Femtosecond laser-assisted catalytic surface reactions of syngas and their optimization by tailored laser pulses.- Vibrational spectroscopy of nonlinear excitations via excited-state resonant impulsive Raman spectroscopy.- Two-Color Electric Field Resolved Transient Grating Spectroscopy of an Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer.- Dissociative Wave Packets in Large Molecules: Control and Measurement.- Control of 1,3-Cyclohexadiene Ring-Opening.- Coherent Infrared Pulse Sequences for Probing Molecular Chirality.- Robust Basis Functions for Control from Dimension Reduction of Adaptive Pulse-Shaping Experiments.- Control strategies for molecular switches in donor-bridge-acceptor systems.- Ultrafast Chelation Dynamics of Model Photoswitches: Cyclopentadienyl Manganese and Arene Chromium Tricarbonyl Derivatives with Pendant Sulfides.- A Femtosecond IR and Raman Look on a Nucleophilic Addition in the Electronic Ground State.- Electron transfer and triplet state formation in merocyanine/TiO2 systems.- Dynamics of electron injection from the excited state of anchored molecules into semiconductors.- Ultrafast Dynamics of Fe(II) Polypyridyl Chromophores: Design Implications for Dye-Sensitized Photovoltaics.- Ultrafast Electron Dynamics in C6F6/Cu(111) after Localized or Delocalized Excitation.- Chirped molecular vibration after impulsive Raman excitation in a stilbene derivative molecule in solution.- Control of molecular fragmentation using binary phase shaped femtosecond laser pulses.- Accumulative quantum control of photochemical reactions.- Adiabatic Passage in the Presence of Excited-State Absorption and Two-Exciton Processes.- Ultrafast Photochromism: Structural and Electronic Dynamics of Indolyl Fulgimides.- Photo-excitation dynamics of malachite green in ionic liquids studied by the transient grating method.- Fifth-order Raman spectroscopy: Liquid benzene.- Dynamics of One-dimensional Exciton in Porphyrin J Aggregates by sub-5fs Transient Absorption Experiment.- Enhancement of Raman Modes in Complex Molecules by Coherent Control.- Energy Transport Mechanisms in Doped Organic Films.- Electron Transfer in Triarylmethane Lactones: From the sub-100 fs Regime to Solvent Control.- Pulse shape control of population transfer in LDS750..- Real-time Investigation of Elementary Steps for Photo-induced Phase Transition in a Model Dimer.- Intermolecular communication and a vibrationally adiabatic basis treatment of small-molecule dynamics in low temperature solids.- Multidimensional Spectroscopy.- Ultrafast Chemical Exchange 2D IR Spectroscopy.- Two-Dimensional Optical Spectroscopy of Multi-chromophore Protein Complexes.- Multidimensional Population Echo Distinguishes Between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Dynamics.- Observation of kinetic networks of hydrogen-bond exchange using 2D IR echo spectroscopy.- 2D-IR Photon Echo Spectroscopy of Liquid H2O Combination of Novel Nanofluidics and Diffractive Optics Deciphers Ultrafast Structural Dynamics.- Propagation, beam geometry, and detection distortions of peak shapes in two-dimensional Fourier transform spectroscopy.- 2D IR Spectroscopy of Hydrogen Bond Switching in Liquid Water.- Relaxation-Assisted 2D IR Using Weak Vibrational Modes.- Different Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectral Signatures for 310- and ?-Helix Octapeptides.- Multidimensional IR Spectroscopy of Site-Specific Hairpin Folding.- Single-Shot Time Resolved Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy.- Two-Dimensional Optical Correlation Spectroscopy Applied to Liquid/Glass Dynamics.- 2D optical spectroscopy of a conjugated polymer with tuneable visible 15 fs-pulses from a 200 kHz NOPA.- Direct Probing of the Local Solvent Response During Intermolecular Electron Transfer.- Femtosecond Multidimensional Imaging - Watching Chemistry from the Molecule's Point of View.- Polarized Optical Two-dimensional Fourier Transform Spectroscopy of Semiconductors.- Coherently Controlled Multidimensional Optical Spectroscopy.- Transient 2D-IR spectroscopy of Thiopeptides.- Nonequilibrium 2D-IR Exchange Spectroscopy: Ligand Migration in Proteins.- Lineshapes and Correlations in Two Dimensional Vibrational Signals of NMA.- Manipulating Multidimensional Nonlinear Spectra of Excitons by Coherent Control with Polarization Pulse Shaping.- Well-Resolved Coherent Raman Spectra from Femtosecond Pulses.- Multidimensional Anisostropic Spectroscopy for The Study of Intramolecular Charge Transfer.- Two Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy: Evolution of Cross Peaks in the Fenna-Matthews-Olson Complex.- Dispersion Relations in Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy.- Multidimensional Infrared Spectroscopy of a Peptide NH···O Intramolecular Hydrogen Bond.- Signatures of Chemical Exchange in 2D Vibrational Spectroscopy; Simulations Based on the Stochastic Liouville Equations.- Femtosecond 3D IR spectroscopy.- Hydrogen Bonding.- Femtosecond Infrared Spectroscopy of HOD in Liquid to Supercritical Heavy Water.- Ultrafast Aqueous Bimolecular Acid-Base Proton Transfer: from Direct Exchange to Sequential Hopping.- On the role of water in intermolecular proton transfer reactions.- Picosecond Temperature and Pressure Changes in H-bonded Systems.- Multicolor IR Spectroscopy of Pure Liquid Water.- Towards a Molecular Movie: Real Time Observation of Hydrogen Bond Breaking by Transient 2D-IR Spectroscopy in a Cyclic Peptide.- An experimental and numerical study of hydrogen-bonding in aqueous salts and methanol.- Structural Dynamics of Rotaxanes Studied by Infrared Photon Echo Spectroscopy.- Ultrafast Superheating of Ice.- Ultrafast Relaxation Dynamics of O-H Bending and Librational Excitations in Liquid H2O.- Ultrafast Intramolecular Energy Transfer in Water.- Understanding the Building Blocks of Life Evidence of Hydrogen-Bonded Aggregation of N-Methylacetamide.- Anharmonic Bend-Stretch Coupling in Water.- Mode-selective O-H stretching relaxation in a hydrogen bond studied by ultrafast vibrational spectroscopy.- Biology.- Ultrafast Polarization-Sensitive Infrared Spectroscopy of Photoactive Yellow Protein and Model Compounds.- What determines the success of isomerization of the Photoactive Yellow Protein chromophore? A picosecond pump-probe study in the midIR.- Femtosecond Pump Shaped Dump Probe Control of Retinal in Bacteriorhodopsin.- Experimental Coherent Control of Retinal Isomerization in Bacteriorhodopsin.- THz Radiation from Light-induced Electron and Proton Motion in Bacteriorhodopsin.- Ultrafast Photoreactions in the Green Fluorescent Protein Studied Through Time Resolved Vibrational Spectroscopy.- Ultrafast Energy and Electron Transfer in Photosystem I - Direct Evidence for two-branched Electron Transfer.- Decomposing the Excited State Dynamics of Carotenoids in Light Harvesting Complexes and Dissecting Pulse Structures from Optimal Control Experiments.- Energy Transport in a Peptide Helix.- Ultrafast Energy Transfer in the Soret Band of Linear Porphyrin Arrays.- Multiphoton quantum control spectroscopy of ?-carotene.- Direct Observation of Ultrafast Dynamics in DNA Bases.- Following photoinduced dynamics in bacteriorhodopsin with 7 fsec impulsive vibrational spectroscopy.- Real-time observation of carbon double bond transformation during photo-isomerization of bacteriorhodopsin.- Ultrafast conformational changes in carboxymyoglobin studied by time-resolved circular dichroism.- Ultrafast Unzipping of a Beta-Hairpin Peptide.- Molecular Basis of Nonphotochemical Quenching; The Role of the Major Light Harvesting Complex II.- Direct observation of the 'lubricant of life' using ultrafast spectroscopies.- Mechanism of Radical Transfer During Photoactivation of the flavoprotein DNA Photolyase.- Relaxation Paths and Dynamics of ?-apo-8?-carotenal: An Ultrafast Electronic and Vibrational Study.- Slow Fluorescence and Fast Intersystem Crossing The Xanthone Anomaly.- Ultrafast Relaxation of the S2 Excited State in ?-Carotene and its Homologs: A Role of Intermediate States.- Resonance Hyper-Raman Spectroscopy of Organic Nonlinear Optical Chromophores.- Thymine Dimer Formation probed by Time-Resolved Vibrational Spectroscopy.- Primary Reaction of Sensory Rhodopsin II Mutant D75N.- Carotenoid Excited State Kinetics in Bacterial RCs with the Primary Electron Donor Oxidized.- Ligand Interconversion Dynamics in the Primary Docking Site of Myoglobin in Various Solvents.- Time- and Frequency-resolved Two-dimensional Transient Absorption Imaging of ?-Carotene in Solids.- Determination of Electronic Mixing in Purple Photosynthetic Bacteria by Two-Color Three Pulse Photon Echo Peak Shift.- Ultrafast Charge Transfer Dynamics of a Modified Double Helical DNA.- A New Class of Ultrafast Photoswitchable Chromopeptides.- AMO Physics.- Three-Pulse Photon Echo in a Dense Potassium Vapor.- Coherent Population Control of Rydberg Atom by Adiabatic Rapid Passage.- Ultrafast dynamics of autoionization in O2 probed by laser-field-assisted XUV photoionization.- Control of Dissociative Ionization of Ethanol Molecule by Cascaded Double Ultrashort Laser Pulse Excitation.- Time-resolved Imaging of H2 + (D2 +) Nuclear Wave Packets.- Slowing down molecular dissociation in strong laser fields.- Investigation of Coriolis Perturbations on the ro-vibrational v 1 Band of H2CO with fs-CARS.- Rotational wave packet dynamics correlated to ultrafast non-time-stationary linear and nonlinear optical susceptibilities.- Ac Stark-Mediated Quantum Control with Two-Color Pulses in Two- and Three-Level Systems.- Molecular Orientation via Molecular Anti-Alignment.- Optimal control of molecular alignment with the feedback of ion images.- Solid-State Physics.- Evidence for Superfluorescent Recombination from Dense Magneto-plasmas.- Insulator-to-Metal Transition Induced by Mid-IR Vibrational Excitation in a Magnetoresistive Manganite.- Ultrafast coherent dynamics of the quantum Hall system.- Dynamics of Photoexcited Carriers in Heavy-electron Systems.- Energy relaxation and anomalies in the thermo-acoustic response of femtosecond laser-excited Germanium.- Enhanced photosusceptibility in the insulator-to-metal phase transition in vanadium dioxide.- Ultrafast Dynamics of the Itinerant Antiferromagnet UNiGa5.- Ultrafast Fano dynamics of quasiparticles in a semiconductor.- Unique Behavior of Lattice Modulation Phase Induced by Ligand Motion of a Mixed-Valence Metal-Halogen Complex.- Ultrafast Charge-Carrier Dynamics in Low-Dimensional Solids.- Femtosecond Dynamics of Fano-resonance in Zn.- Coherent Phonons in the Zone Boundary Region of Solid Ar Doped with Cl2.- Ultrafast gigantic photo-response in (EDO-TTF)2PF6 initiated by 10-fs laser pulses.- Femtosecond Dynamics of Coherent Optical Phonons in Graphite.- Subpicosecond Time-Resolved Photoluminescence of Carrier Transfer in AlGaN Using Difference-Frequency Generation.- Plasmonics.- Adaptive Control of Nanoscopic Photoelectron Emission.- Femtosecond Microscopy of Surface Plasmon Propagation in a Silver Film.- Ultrafast Optical Nonlinearities of Single Metal Nanoparticles.- Dynamical Electric Metamaterial Response at Terahertz Frequencies.- Nanolocalized Nonlinear Photoprocesses under Coherent Control.- Properties of Two-Photon Induced Emission from Dendritic Silver Nanoclusters.- Ultrafast Dynamics of Polarization induced at Surface Plasmon Resonances in a One Dimensional Metallic Plasmonic Crystal.- Landau Damping of Coherent Plasmons.- Nanostructures.- Polarization Dependence of Nanostructure Formation in Transparent Solids.- Time resolved magneto-optical microscopy of individual ferromagnetic dots.- Nonlinear Optical Microscopy of a Single Self-Assembled InGaAs Quantum Dot.- Microscopic Many-Body Analysis of Ultrafast Photocurrents in Semiconductor Nanostructures.- Intraband Spectroscopy of GaSe Nanoparticles and InSe/GaSe Nanoparticle Heterojunctions.- Observation of the Optical Stark Effect in Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes.- Nonlinear Optical Approach to Multiexciton Relaxation Dynamics in Quantum Dots.- Memory and Nanostructure Formation in the Intense Field Ionization of Fused Silica.- Auger Recombination of Excitons in Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes.- Probing Exciton Dynamics of Semiconducting Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Using Photon Echo Spectroscopy.- Modeling of the Extreme Nonlinear Optical Response of Semiconductor Nanostructures.- Dephasing of Inter-Landau level Raman Coherences in GaAs quantum wells.- Real time observation of non-linear coherent phonon dynamics in semiconducting single wall carbon nanotubes.- Ultrafast Interfacial Carrier Dynamics in UV-Blue Photoluminescing ZnSe Nanoparticles.- Selective measurement of ultrafast exciton spin relaxation in quantum dots.- X-Ray Studies.- Direct Observation of Electron Dynamics at Surfaces using X-ray Spectroscopy.- Carrier Dependent Stability of a Semiconductor Lattice Measured with Femtosecond X-ray Diffraction.- Probing strain propagation in nanolayered perovskites by diffraction of femtosecond x-rays.- Lattice Motions from THz phonon polaritons measured with Femtosecond X-ray Diffraction.- Ultrafast XAFS of transition metal complexes.- Picosecond X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Photochemical Transient Species in Solution.- Femtosecond X-ray Diffraction on DIABN Single Crystals.- Imaging Plume Dynamics with Ultrafast Hard X-rays.- Ultrafast X-ray diffraction and Optical Reflection Measurements of Coherent Optical Phonons of CdTe.- DNA Strand Breaks by a Laser-Driven Electron X-ray Source (LEXS).- High intensity XUV-FEL interaction with solids: first experimental results.- Ultrafast Electron Studies.- A Nanometer-sized Femtosecond Electron Source at 80 MHz Repetition Rate.- A spatially and temporally localized sub-laser cycle electron source.- Time Resolved Photoemission of an Insulator-Metal Transition.- Electronic Thermal Expansion and the Coherent Acoustic Phonons Generation.- Femtosecond Electron Diffraction Study on the Heating and Melting Dynamics of Gold.- Characterization of ultrashort electron pulses.- THz.- A compact radially polarized THz source based on velocity-mismatched optical rectification.- Carrier Dynamics in ZnO Nanowires and Films Measured by Time-Resolved THz Spectroscopy.- Stimulated Terahertz Emission from Excitons in Cu2O.- Terahertz nonlinear response in lithium niobate.- Spatio-Temporal Properties of Single-Cycle THz Pulses Generated by Relativistic Electron Beams in a Laser-Plasma Accelerator.- Terahertz Emission from Nano-structured Metal Surfaces.- High power compact THz system based on ultrafast Yb-doped parabolic fiber amplifier.- Phonon-Polariton Excitation in Ferroelectric Slab Waveguides and Photonic Crystals.- Using of 2D PPLN Crystal for Surface-Emitted THz-Wave Generation by Optical Rectification of Laser Pulses.- Dynamical Properties of Terahertz Radiation from Coherent Longitudinal Optical Phonons Confined in a GaAs/AlAs Multiple Quantum Well.- Characterization of Magnetization Dynamics using Terahertz Emission Spectroscopy.- Single-shot, High-resolution, THz Field Reconstruction using Phase-retrieval.- Nonlinear THz Spectroscopy of n-Type GaAs.- Terahertz amplification in high-dielectric materials.- Imaging and Microscopy.- Tissue imaging with shaped femtosecond laser pulses.- Selective Two-Photon Imaging of a Biological Sample.- Time-resolved Single-beam CARS with Shaped Supercontinuum from a Photonic Crystal Fiber.- Optical Coherence Microscopy and Cellular Imaging.- Novel applicatipns of broadband excitation to multiphoton microscopy.- In-vivo multi-nonlinear optical imaging of a living cell using a single femtosecond Ti:Sapphire oscillator.- Optically Active Sum Frequency Generation Microscopy for Cellular Imaging.- Two-photon Bio-imaging with a Mode-locked Semiconductor Laser.