Optics, Light and Lasers

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Description

Dieses Buch ist genau richtig für Einsteiger in das Fachgebiet. Schwierige Effekte werden direkt und leicht verständlich präsentiert. Diese aktualisierte, erweiterte Auflage bietet neue Kapitel zu neuen Themen wie Plasmonik, Frequenzkämme auf Femto-Ebene und Quantenkaskadenlaser



Auteur
Dieter Meschede studied physics in several places including Hannover, Cologne, Boulder, and Munich. He has been professor of experimental physics since 1990. At the University of Bonn his current scientific interests are directed towards light-matter interactions at the most elementary level, i.e. with single atoms and single photons for applications in quantum technology.

Contenu

Preface xix

1 Light Rays 1

1.1 Light Rays in Human Experience 1

1.2 Ray Optics 2

1.3 Reflection 2

1.4 Refraction 3

1.5 Fermat's Principle: The Optical Path Length 5

1.6 Prisms 8

1.7 Light Rays in Wave Guides 10

1.8 Lenses and Curved Mirrors 15

1.9 Matrix Optics 17

1.10 Ray Optics and Particle Optics 23

Problems 25

2 Wave Optics 29

2.1 Electromagnetic Radiation Fields 29

2.2 Wave Types 37

2.3 Gaussian Beams 40

2.4 Vector Light: Polarization 50

2.5 Optomechanics: Mechanical Action of Light Beams 58

2.6 Diffraction 63

2.7 Fraunhofer Diffraction 67

2.8 Fresnel Diffraction 71

2.9 Beyond Gaussian Beams: Diffraction Integral and ABCD Formalism 77

Problems 77

3 Light Propagation in Matter: Interfaces, Dispersion, and Birefringence 83

3.1 Dielectric Interfaces 83

3.2 Interfaces of Conducting Materials 89

3.3 Light Pulses in Dispersive Materials 94

3.4 Anisotropic Optical Materials 103

3.5 Optical Modulators 110

Problems 119

4 Light Propagation in Structured Matter 121

4.1 Optical Wave Guides and Fibers 122

4.2 Dielectric Photonic Materials 132

4.3 Metamaterials 143

Problems 147

5 Optical Images 149

5.1 Simple Lenses 149

5.2 The Human Eye 151

5.3 Magnifying Glass and Eyepiece 152

5.4 Microscopes 154

5.5 Scanning Microscopy Methods 161

5.6 Telescopes 166

5.7 Lenses: Designs and Aberrations 169

Problems 177

6 Coherence and Interferometry 181

6.1 Young's Double Slit 181

6.2 Coherence and Correlation 182

6.3 The Double-Slit Experiment 185

6.4 Michelson interferometer: longitudinal coherence 191

6.5 FabryPérot Interferometer 197

6.6 Optical Cavities 202

6.7 Thin Optical Films 208

6.8 Holography 210

6.9 Laser Speckle (Laser Granulation) 214

Problems 216

7 Light and Matter 219

7.1 Classical Radiation Interaction 220

7.2 Two-Level Atoms 229

7.3 Stimulated and Spontaneous Radiation Processes 239

7.4 Inversion and Amplification 242

Problems 246

8 The Laser 249

8.1 The Classic System: The HeNe Laser 251

8.2 Other Gas Lasers 261

8.3 The Workhorses: Solid-State Lasers 268

8.4 Selected Solid-State Lasers 271

8.5 Tunable Lasers with Vibronic States 279

8.6 Tunable Ring Lasers 281

Problems 283

9 Laser Dynamics 285

9.1 Basic Laser Theory 285

9.2 Laser Rate Equations 291

9.3 Threshold-Less Lasers and Micro-lasers 295

9.4 Laser Noise 298

9.5 Pulsed Lasers 305

Problems 316

10 Semiconductor Lasers 319

10.1 Semiconductors 319

10.2 Optical Properties of Semiconductors 322

10.3 The Heterostructure Laser 330

10.4 Dynamic Properties of Semiconductor Lasers 339

10.5 Laser Diodes, Diode Lasers, and Laser Systems 345

10.6 High-Power Laser Diodes 348

Problems 350

11 Sensors for Light 353

11.1 Characteristics of Optical Detectors 354

11.2 Fluctuating Optoelectronic Quantities 357

11.3 Photon Noise and Detectivity Limits 359

11.4 Thermal Detectors 364

11.5 Quantum Sensors I: Photomultiplier Tubes 366

11.6 Quantum Sensors II: Semiconductor Sensors 370

11.7 Position and Image Sensors 374

Problems 377

12 Laser Spectroscopy and Laser Cooling 379

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Détails sur le produit

Titre
Optics, Light and Lasers
Auteur
EAN
9783527685516
ISBN
978-3-527-68551-6
Format
eBook (pdf)
Producteur
Wiley-VCH
Editeur
Wiley-Vch
Genre
Électricité, magnétisme, optique
Parution
21.02.2017
Protection contre la copie numérique
Adobe DRM
Taille de fichier
17.14 MB
Nombre de pages
552
Année
2017
Edition
3. Aufl.
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