This book is the first to integrate biological control into a conceptual framework - ecostacking - uniting all aspects of biological control and ecosystem services. In 2018 the "First International Congress of Biological Control" was organised and held in Beijing, China. The chapters highlight some of the achievements presented at the congress, worldwide. Of particular significance are the numerous contributions by Chinese researchers illustrating the remarkable progress made on developing and adopting multiple biological control strategies over vast agricultural areas, largely replacing chemical pesticides for sustainable agricultural and horticultural production. In many parts of the world including Europe, fragmented research based on short-term funding has been unable to answer to the needs to develop sustainable long-term solutions to crop protection, while colleagues in China have been successful in implementing programs that exemplify the power of the ecostacking approach.
Key contributions by European and US specialists combined with the expertise and experiences by the Chinese contributors comprise the building blocks for the integration of biological control approaches into the overall frame of ecostacking. This book will lead the way to a broader, integrated adoption of biological control techniques in sustainable pest, disease and weed management supporting also the functioning of other key ecosystem services.
Chapter 2 of this book isavailable open
access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com
Professor Yulin Gao is a Professor and Extension Entomology Specialist of the Institute of Plant Protection at Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China. He is international known for his research on integrated pest management in potato and vegetable crops. He serves as the Vice President of APRS-IOBC and also serves as the Executive Editor of the well-known international journal Pest Management Science. Furthermore he serves as an editorial board member for a number of journals including Journal of Economic Entomology, Environmental Entomology and Journal of Pest Science.
Professor emeritus Heikki M.T. Hokkanen is a leading authority on biological control and integrated pest management. Currently he is affiliated with the University of Eastern Finland, Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences, as well as with the Southwest University, College of Plant Protection, Chongqing, China. He is the Founding Editor-in-Chief of the Springer book series "Progress in Biological Control", and of the Springer journal "Arthropod-Plant Interactions".
Dr. Ingeborg Menzler-Hokkanen works as a university researcher at the University of Eastern Finland, Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Kuopio campus, Finland. She has over 20 years of experience in entomological work with focus on biological control, integrated pest management, and pollinators. In addition, she has expertise in socio-economic questions (with a PhD in Economics), including regulation of new technologies, adoption of new technologies by end-users, and ethical questions.
1.PrefaceHeikki Hokkanen & Yulin Gao
2.Improving the efficacy of biological control by ecostacking Heikki Hokkanen
3.Integrative biological control approaches in Chinese agricultureYulin Gao
Biodiversity enhancement for improving biological control
4.Perennial wildflower strips to enhance natural enemies of insect pests in Belgium, Severin Hatt, University of Liége, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA-Agriculture, Belgium
5.Flower strips for ecosytem services in Switzerland, Felix Herzog, Agroscope, Zurich Switzerland
6.Enhancement of natural control functioning of rice insect pests by manipulating biodiversity in rice-based ecosystems, Zhongxian Lv, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, China
7.Cover crops enhance biological control of insect pests in apple orchards in China, Yi Yu, Institute of plant protection, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan, China
8.Enhancement of natural control function in aphids by intercropping and infochemical releasers in wheat ecosystem, Yong Liu, Department of plant protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Jinan, China
9.Crop diversity and disease control, Chengyun Li and Youyong Zhu, Yunnan Agricultural University, China
Specific techniques to enhance ecostacking
10.Ecological enhancement of arthropod natural enemy application in biological control. Su Wang, Institute of Plant & Environment Protection, Beijing Academy of Agriculture & Forestry Sciences, Beijing, 100097, China
11.Chemical ecology of egg parasitoids in crop protection, Stefano Colazza, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
12.Current knowledge on the migratory moth Autographa gamma as basis for future chemo-ecological research, Paul Becher and Santosh Revadi, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
13.The development of biocontrol products and their applications in the field, Tzu-Pi Huang, China
14.Effects of insecticides on pollen beetles (Brassicogethes aeneus) and their tersilochine parasitoids in Germany, Meike Brandes and Udo Heimbach, Julius Kuehn Institute, Germany
15.How microbiome approaches can assist market development for biological control. Gabriele Berg & Tomislav Cernava, Graz University of Technology, Institute of Environmental Biotechnology, Graz, Austria
16.Successful use of entomopathogenic nematodes to control a defoliator outbreak in an environmentally sensitive area, Hokkanen Heikki and Menzler-Hokkanen, Ingeborg, University of Helsinki, Finland
17.Bees and medicinal plants prospective for entomovectoring, Ekaterina Kozuharova, Ina Aneva, Katerina Bogacheva-Milkoteva, Hristo Valchev, Dave Goulson, Bulgaria/UK
18.(a possible topic by) Georg Heimpel et al., USA
Climate change implications
19.Night warming on predator-prey interactions: implications for biological control: Gang Ma and Chunsen Ma, State Key Laboratory for biology of plant diseases and insect pests, Institute of Plant Protection, CAAS, Beijing, China
20.Landscape-level drivers of biocontrol and case study from local to regional scale under climate change in China, Fang Ouyang , China
21.Spotted Wing Drosophila-blueberry interactions, Paul Becher, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Conclusion and outlook
22.Integrative biological control and ecostacking: recipe for success. Yulin Gao, Heikki Hokkanen, Ingeborg Menzler-Hokkanen